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Eduard Benesh

Picture of Eduard Benesh

Date of Birth: 05/28/1884

Age: 64

Place of birth: Rakovnik

Citizenship: Czech Republic

Background

Before the beginning of the 1st World War, he was a professor of sociology in Prague. In 1915 he emigrated to Paris, where the Secretary General has become one of the leaders of emigrant Czechoslovak National Council (Paris). 26/09/1918 Council declared itself the Provisional Government of Czechoslovakia. Since Sept. 1918 to December. 1935 Minister of Foreign Affairs, with September. 1921 to October. 1922 Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia. In December. 1935 was elected president of the country. One of the founders of the Little Entente; in 1923-27 a member of the Council, in 1927 the chairman of the League of Nations 38 Security Committee. In 1938, he opposed the adoption of military assistance from the Soviet Union (for fear of losing the independence of Czechoslovakia). After the pressure of the Western powers have been signed 29.09.1938 Munich Agreement, B. in October. 1938 resigned and left for the US. He has lectured at the University of Chicago, Professor. In 1939 he headed established in Paris Czechoslovak National Committee, on the basis of which in 1940 in London to create a government of Czechoslovakia in exile and the State Council. B. became President of the Republic in exile. Unfolded active in trying to persuade Britain and France to denounce the Munich Agreement (denounced in August. 1942). In July 1941 the government was officially recognized by B. Powers anti-Hitler coalition as the legitimate representative of Czechoslovakia. Among the Czech emigrants, with the support of the Government B. separate parts, which were part of the British Army were formed. Although B. did not support the idea of ??terrorist attacks and the development of the partisan movement in the Czech Republic (assuming that this will only lead to unnecessary victims), it is under pressure from British intelligence was forced to authorize an attack on SS Obergruppenfuhrer R. Heydrich in Prague. In dek.1943 B. signed in Moscow, Soviet-Czechoslovak treaty of friendship, mutual assistance and postwar cooperation. After the liberation of Czechoslovakia B. took over as president of the republic (officially elected 06.19.1946). Achieved agreement allies in the mass deportation of the Sudeten Germans in Germany. In Feb. In 1948 under pressure from the Soviet Union and pro-power he was forced to agree with the proposed composition of the Government of Gottwald and actually lost control of the situation in the country. 07/06/1948 resigned. Author of memoirs "The World War and Our Revolution" (1935), "Diaries" (1947).