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Eduard Albert

Picture of Eduard Albert

Date of Birth: 10/13/1881

Age: 84

Place of birth: Brussels

Citizenship: Belgium

Background

In 1906 Mishott passed scientific training in the psychological laboratory in Leipzig, in 1907-1908 GG - In Wurzburg O. Kulpe, whom he met during the Congress of Experimental Psychology, held in Wurzburg, and who had a great influence, in particular, that he pointed to the works of F. Brentano, Mach, A. Meinong, E. Husserl, H. Ehrenfels and K. Stumpf.

In 1923 Mishott founded in Leuven University of Pedagogy and Psychology College ( "Ecole de Pedagogie et de Psychologie appliquec a l`Education"), which in 1944 received the status of the Institute. Master P. Fraisse. President of the 15th International Congress of Psychology (1957) and the International Union of Scientific Psychology (until 1960), since 1912 - editor of "Etudes de Psychologie", and since 1928 - co-editor of the "Journal of General Psychology".

In the first period of scientific work has been analyzing research methods, primarily developed within the framework of the Wurzburg school, such as the systematic introspection and aimed at the study of higher mental processes (thinking, will, determining tendency, logical memory, the formation of concepts). Then there was the rejection of this approach, accompanied by criticism of the method of systematic introspection and Mishott switched to behavioral methodological orientations. During this period, he raises a number of new questions about perception and implements innovative pilot study visual, including strobe, tactile, kinesthetic perception, psychological rhythm, motor learning.

Particular known for his experiments, conducted from 1940 to 1965 to study the perception of causality and the preservation of the object ( "tunnel effect"). In his research Mishott found that the impression that object A causes the motion of the object B, occurs only under certain conditions: when there is a continuity in time, in the direction, speed ( "La causalite physique estelle une donnee phenomenale?", "Tijdschrift voor Philosophie" 1941, N 3; "la perception de la causalite", Louvaine, 1946 in rus.per .: "The perception of causality", in the book .: "A Reader on sensation and perception", Moscow, 1975; "Causalite, permanence et realite phenomenales ", Louvaine, 1946).

Research also save an item revealed that the condition of such preservation is, for example, the gradual disappearance of parts of the object ( "Reception and cognition", "Acta Psychologica", 1955, N 11, p. 69-91). But the most important conclusion that was made Mishott on the results of these experiments, we conclude that vopriyatie causality and conservation is the same touch-fact, as the perception of colors or sounds, space or time.

Mishott stressed the importance of mental development and also tactile-kinesthetic perception of causality, although experimental studies of this process, it did not hold.