Dzhiva Gosvami

Picture of Dzhiva Gosvami

Citizenship: India


Very little is known about the childhood of Jiva Goswami. He was born in Malden Ramakeli in the area of ??West Bengal as the son Shrivallabha Mallika (who was also known by the name Anupama). His father was the younger brother of Rupa and Sanatana, the name of his mother is unknown. From early childhood Jiva showed a tendency to worship Krishna and extraordinary intelligence, completing the study of Sanskrit grammar and poetry in a short period of time.

When Jiva was three or four years old, Rupa and Sanatana have resigned from their ministerial posts at the court Alauddin Hussain Shah (reigned from 1493 to 1519 years). This step was prompted their meeting with Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486-1534), to which they have decided to join a wandering beggars. Father Jiva, Anupama met Caitanya at the same time and followed the footsteps of his older brothers went with Rupa in Vrindavan.

Upon learning that his father and uncles decided to devote his life to the service of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and his mission, young Jiva also decided to join them. According to the biographical work "Bhakti Ratnakara" authorship Narahari Chakravarti, Chaitanya Jiva was in a dream. This prompted him to leave the house and join Rupa and Sanatana. From biographies Jiva is not clear whether he ever met with Chaitanya.

Jiva arrived in Nabadwip in West Bengal, where he met with one of the closest companions of Chaitanya - Nityananda Prabhu. Ntyananda spent Jiva in all the holy places of Nabadwip. This marked the beginning of the Gaudiya Vaishnava tradition Navadvipa parikrama (annual pilgrimage on nine islands of Navadvipa). After the parikrama, Nityananda gave his blessing to the young Jiva go to Vrindavan.

First Jiva went to Varanasi, where he spent time studying with kakoe-to Vidyavachaspati Madhusudan, a pupil of the famous at the time and logic Vedantist Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya. Under rukovodstvomVidyavachaspati Jiva she studied all six systems of Hindu philosophy, known as Sat-darshan.

In 1535 Jiva arrived in Vrindavan, where he joined the Rupa and Sanatana. About this time his father died Jiva Anupama. In Vrndavana, Jiva received spiritual initiation from Rupa Goswami, who taught him the principles of devotional service to Krishna. Jiva helped in the drafting of the literary labors Rupa and Sanatana, as well as in their efforts to preach the Gaudiya Vaishnavism and excavations forgotten holy places of Vrindavan.

After the death of Rupa and Sanatana, Jiva Goswami was the highest authority in the Gaudiya Vaishnava Sampradaya. In 1542 he founded one of the most important temples of Vrindavan Radha Damodara Mandir, setting it in the Deity of Radha and Krishna, who personally carved by Rupa Goswami. Then Jiva Goswami founded the World Vaishnava asssotsiatsiyu ( "Visva Vaishnava Raja shabha") and Rupanuga vidyapithu - educational institution for the study of the works of Rupa and Sanatana. The fame of erudition and spirituality Jiva Goswami came to Emperor Akbar the Great, who became his admirer and kak-to wanting to help him, Jiva supplied the paper for writing books.

In 1558, Jiva gave instructions to his disciples, Narottama, Srinivasa and Syamananda go to Bengal and preach the Gaudiya Vaishnava philosophy, taking the original manuscripts of Rupa and Sanatana.

The comments "Sarva-samvadini" to "sat sandarbhas" Jiva Goswami first outlined the philosophy Achintya Bheda Abheda Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. At its core, the philosophy Achintya Bheda Abheda or "inconceivable oneness and difference" avoids extreme monistic Advaita of Sankara and pure dualism of Madhva (Dvaita) considering the material and spiritual energies as the Personality of Godhead at the same time identical with Him and different from Him.

Jiva Goswami died in 1596. His samadhi (tomb) is located in the temple of Radha-Damodara in Vrndavana.