Dmitry Bludov

Picture of Dmitry Bludov

Date of Birth: 04/05/1785

Age: 78

Place of birth: Romanovo Shumsky county Vladimir Province

Citizenship: Russia


Under the guidance of his mother - a woman of outstanding intellect, energy and high moral qualities, Bludov received an excellent education at home. In 1800, Bludov entered the service under the command of Bantysh-Kamensky in Moscow archives College of Foreign Affairs, which rotates among the "archival boys" who fled from the general nobility career - military service; one Bludov especially friends with Dashkov, and through him met and subsequently befriended Zhukovsky. On accession to the throne of Emperor Alexander I Bludov I entered the service in St. Petersburg, to the College of Foreign Affairs. However, the best part of the St. Petersburg youth he was interested in the liberal direction of the young emperor and welcomed the proposed reforms. In 1807 Bludov received his first diplomatic mission to the Netherlands to King Louis Bonaparte. In 1810, Bludov was appointed governor of the Diplomatic Office of Count Kamensky, commander of the Danube army in the Turkish war. Later, he held diplomatic posts in Stockholm and London. Count Kapodistrias gave Bludova order to acquaint foreign press with the present situation in Russia and in British newspapers to defend our policy from the foreign press attacks. Bludov became an ardent admirer Capodistria and its political system: he shared his negative attitude to the Sacred Union and to Metternich, the Austrian friendship did not believe, seen in Austria, our natural rival in influence on Balkan affairs. Together with the Russian public opinion was behind Bludov Russian intervention in the struggle of Greece against Turkey. Kapodistrias Bludova called "pearl of Russian diplomats." On his return from England, Bludov worked on the translation and publication of the "Documents for the history of diplomatic relations of Russia with the Western Powers 1814 - 1822 years". In this work, he had to first develop the Russian diplomatic language. With the resignation of Capodistria ended diplomatic career Bludova. In 1825, Emperor Nicholas I, as directed by Karamzin, Bludov appointed clerk of the Supreme Commission of Inquiry on the case on 14 December. For Bludova it was not an easy task, as many of the Decembrists were quite familiar to him. Composed them "a report on the secret political societies," served as the material for the Supreme Court verdict. This work caused Bludova curious literary polemics: decembrist emigrant Nikolai Turgenev, in his book "La Russie et les russes", sharply condemns Bludova for criminal carelessness and legal blunders report. Before you print a book about Russia, Turgenev sent Bludova excerpts from her, asking in a letter to refute the charges or, at least, to explain. Bludov left this letter unanswered. Already on death Bludova his friend and biographer, Yegor Kovalevsky, acted Bludova memory protection against these attacks. Turgenev published his "Answers" on Kovalevsky book, in which a new force repeats his accusation. After the case of the Decembrists Bludov was appointed State Secretary and Deputy Minister of Education. In 1827 he was made an order of non-acceptance of children of serfs in schools. In 1828 the Minister of Education (in place Shishkov) was appointed Earl of Leven, and most importantly managing the affairs of foreign faiths passed to his friend Bludova. In this new position, Bludov, on the orders of the emperor, became friendly with Joseph Semashko and together they prepared the reunification Uniates with the Orthodox Church. Since 1832 Bludov ruled Ministry of the Interior, in 1837, he was appointed Minister of Justice in 1839 - chief superintendent II Branch of His Majesty`s Chancellery, a member of the Council of State and Chairman of the law department. In 1842 he granted the title of count. Edited Bludova Part II has issued two editions of the Code of Laws (1842 and 1857 years). In 1845 it promulgated composed Part II "of the Penal Code." In its quest to transform the civil proceedings Bludov met stiff resistance from the Minister of Justice, Panin, keep the "historically proven practice." With the new 70-year reign of Bludov, loyal employee of Nicholas I, succumbed to the conversion to the new direction of government. In 1857, projects were drawn up new legal regulations, criminal and civil law, and the statute of the judicial system, but after the liberation of the peasants judicial reform was set wider and passed into other hands. Since 1857, Bludov participated in the preparation of the peasant reform. In 1859 he opposed the rigors of censorship gain by speaking out against the "restraint of mental development of the country." In 1861 - 1862 city of Bludov presided over the Council of State and Ministers Committee. The government activities Bludova difficult to point to one direction of time taken. He has always given to the prevailing mood and changed their views according to the type of government. He was always in the service of a fair and talented performer of the supreme will. In his youth Bludov took an active part in the literary movement of the early XIX century. The famous "Arzamas" got its name from a satirical article Bludova "Vision in Arzamas". In a joking "Parnassian address-calendar" Voeikov Bludov referred to as "the Secretary of State of Taste God in good works department from senseless and branding last stamp of rejection." Almost all the major works of art of that era were read in the house Bludova still in manuscript. Vyazemsky in his message so Welcomes Bludova: "You`re a friend and brother of the singer Lyudmila you Karamzin was a friend." In the name of this old friendship Bludov issued last, unfinished volume of "History" Karamzin and Zhukovsky in charge of the publication of posthumous poems. Completely surrendering to the public service, Bludov had no leisure for literary work. From it there are only a few historical notes (on behalf of the Emperor Nicholas, he developed some of the archival documents) and the brochure "The last hours of the life of the Emperor Nicholas I". Bludov was considered at the time an excellent stylist; he often entrusted drafting manifestos. In 1855 he was appointed president of the Academy of Sciences and retained this position until his death. - See Kovalevsky, "fornication, and his time."; "Notes c Antonina Dmitrievna Bludova." ( "Russian Archive", 1872 - 1875); Notes Vigel; Dylevskii, "Joseph Semashko"; Tourgueneff, "La Russie et les russes" and "Answers to Chapter IX of the book Kovalevsky and the article" Russian Invalid "," Speech of President of the Academy of Sciences in the meeting of 23 December 1855 ";" The ceremonial meeting of the Academy of Sciences of December 29, 1864 " ; B. Dzhanshiev, "the era of great reforms"; his own, "the Age and judicial reform."; "Russian biographical dictionary" L. Shchukarev.