Date of Birth: 03/22/1928
Place of birth: village manghud
COUNTRY AND STATE
RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD
Articles on historical themes
METHOD OF TEACHING
Volkogonov Dmitry Antonovich (1928-1996). Historian, philosopher, statesman. Colonel-General. Born in the village of manghud Chita region. Father shot in the years of repression, his mother died in exile. He graduated from the Orel Tank School and the Military-Political Academy. IN AND. Lenin (1971). Doctor of Philosophy, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor; Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Since 1971 Volkogonov worked in the political control of the Soviet Army and Navy. In 1979-1984 gg. - Head of Department. Since March 1991 - Advisor to the President of the Russian Federation on defense issues, while in November of the same year - the chairman of the Commission on the abolition of political organs of the USSR Armed Forces. Since 1990 - Vice-president of the international association of military historians; March 1992 - Chairman of the Interstate Commission on the study of the fate of the US citizens who went missing on the territory of the USSR. Russian MP 1990
In 1988-1991 gg. - Head of the Institute of Military History of the Ministry of Defence. He headed the work on the edition of the 10-volume book "The Great Patriotic War of the Soviet people", but in March 1991 he was removed from the leadership of this edition of Political soobrazheniyam.1) Since December 1991 - Chairman of the Parliamentary Commission on archives.
Volkogonov - author of about thirty books on historical and philosophical themes ( "Soviet soldier", "The phenomenon of heroism", "Psychological warfare", "Valor" and others.), Which are widely used and little known declassified archival documents. Single of the Russian scientists who had access and the opportunity to work with books from the library of Stalin.
The largest work Volkogonova published under the title "leader": 2-volume edition of "Stalin. Triumph and Tragedy "(Wiley, 1994) and 2-nick is" Trotsky "(1992). Many Volkogonova works translated into foreign languages. Great response received his article "The phenomenon of Stalin" (Literary Gazette. Nov 9, 1987.).
In a study of Stalin D. Volkogonov, in particular, he wrote: "In the year of the seventy-year anniversary of Stalin carried out one of the shares, which today is popular with older people. He was able in a virtual collapse of agriculture, weak capacity to light industry (as well as in subsequent years), a marked decline in prices for consumer goods ...
Each following year, the population waited for another reduction. And it should. The authority of the leader to rise even higher. People do not like to see that in the conditions of acute scarcity played a very limited role of the goods price reduction policy in improving well-being. At extremely low wage standard of living did not increase this reduction. This policy led to the social demagogy. Some comparative figures, perhaps, it could be argued that at the beginning of the fifties the standard of living, real wages only reached the level of 1940, which, in turn, was almost the same as in 1928, when the country barely exceeded the level that was before the First world war "(Oct. 1989. number 9).
From our point of view, some improvement of life in the USSR is still going on. The large increase in prices after the war (as a result of monetary reform on the eve of the abolition of the card system), salary freeze, government loans, supply of reparations from the defeated countries (Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania), the purchase of products in rural areas almost for nothing - allow lower retail prices. In the shops there were delicacies, improved range of consumer goods. However, the actual improvement of living standards could only feel the residents of Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, part of the Baltic. But in other cities and towns of the USSR (the Volga region, the Urals, Siberia, Far East, Central Black Earth, Middle East ...), especially in rural areas where, by the way, while more than half the country`s population, according to eyewitnesses who survived the decline in prices, the shelves were almost empty - or consumer goods or products (even the bread) - though declining, even raise prices. The well-known actor Alexander Vertinsky wrote to his wife from Sakhalin, where in 1950, he brought it touring life: "... in the shops, in addition to canned food and alcohol - nothing. It was scary, wood, his name "speck" or "Forest Fairy Tale" ... All the patients "sutrama-how" ... which means "morning - mat" ... Poverty is terrible ... and one "crazy "I wrote the book" we have morning "..." The gardens bloom "..." The Giants are built! "... He received the Stalin Prize of the 3rd degree and writing, fled to Moscow."
We should not forget that the price decrease occurred in the period of our history, when a significant part of the population working for three and not getting a dime, "build" the next day in the communist Gulag camps.