Dmitriy Vinogradov

Picture of Dmitriy Vinogradov

Date of Birth: 1720

Age: 38

Citizenship: Russia


Born in Suzdal, a priest in the family. In 1732 he graduated from the Suzdal tsifirnuyu school, entered the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy (where he met with MV Lomonosov), in 1735 among the 12 best students sent to continue his education at the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. In 1736, together with Lomonosov and HW AN Reiser sent to Germany to study metallurgy. Prior to July 1739 worked at the University of Marburg, in 1739-43 - at the Freiburg Mining Academy. He studied mining engineering, chemistry, mineralogy, metallurgy, mechanics, construction art assay deal. Compiled by the "Catalogue of various ores" with samples. In the summer and autumn of 1741 became acquainted with mines in Schneeberg, Johann-Georgen-Stadt and Annaberg, joins a collection of ores.

In n. 1744 returned to St. Petersburg, entered the Gornoykollegii order, received the title of bergmeystera (mining engineer). At the same time withdrawn from the Mining College of subordinated control the Cabinet of His Imperial Majesty the Baron IA Cherkasova, began service to set up the Imperial Porcelain (porcelain) manufacture. I got a secret mission to establish domestic porcelain. Initially, he worked in collaboration with a specialist from Saxony HK Hunger (which in 1748 was dismissed by calling Vinogradov Cherkasova and suspicion of incompetence). In November. 1744 - January. Vinogradov in 1745 with Hunger and Moscow breeder A. Grebenshchikov made a trip to Gzhel ceramic area studied Gzhel clay sampled, secured the Imperial Porcelain Manufactory first deposit of porcelain clay. In 1745 tests produced quartz stones and millstones from Olonets in. Novgorod Province., The experimental results summarized in the "Notes on china" (in connection with the secret work for the production of porcelain Vinogradov manuscript not published). In 1746-47 was making porcelain glazes and recipes of Russian raw materials, I tried different firing modes. In 1747 he received the first sample of the domestic porcelain. Since 1748 headed the Imperial Porcelain Manufactory, engaged in the organization of production. In 1749-51 he designed farforoobzhigatelnye new furnace, tried different types of wood as a fuel, are made of porcelain paint he created in the lab, working with gold, has prepared instructions casting plaster molds on a given model. The results of the work outlined in the manuscript "Notes on china as aforesaid is made when I was in brick factories in St. Petersburg." In 1752 he graduated from the scientific work on the production of porcelain technology - "A detailed description of the pure portselina ..." (first published in 1950). In 1755-57 built in the Imperial Porcelain Manufactory new, the largest at that time farforoobzhigatelnuyu oven, while experimenting with quartz, created underglaze paints, working with faience glazes and masses for them, led the "Notes of each job, taking place every day at the Porcelain Manufactory" and "History works in the laboratory actually portselina paints and so on.". He wrote the fundamental work "Golden Fleece, or philosophical reasoning on the applicability of metals" and "Reduced base of all medical science and medical art" (the two are not finished).