Dmitriy Beling

Picture of Dmitriy Beling

Date of Birth: 09/13/1882

Age: 66

Place of birth: St. Petersburg

Citizenship: Germany


D. E. Behling Born September 13, 1882 in St. Petersburg (Russian empire), the family lawyer. In 1900 he graduated from the eighth St. Petersburg classical school, he entered the St. Petersburg University. Then transferred to the natural history department of physics and mathematics at the University of St. Vladimir (Kiev). After graduating in 1909, he was left at the university. Since 1912, he served as a laboratory assistant in the zoological laboratory St. Vladimir University.

In pre-revolutionary period has also taught at the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, Kiev on Women. Then he began to work on the Dnieper Biological Station. Biological Station was founded in 1907. Since 1910 the Kiev Society for Nature lovers start of construction of the building under the station in the tract Chertoroy on Trukhanov island. Construction of the station was completed in 1911. Systematic work it began in 1912 Truhanov the island was regarded as a convenient place for freshwater research flora and fauna. The building of the Dnieper to the biological station has been constructed at the expense of the professor at the University of St. Vladimir Koppen - the first station director (1909-1910). He bequeathed the station all his savings and technical equipment. After his death in 1910, while the station was led by Wagner. Since 1912 he directed the station and its botanical department botanist algologist VI Kozanovsky; zoological department was headed by D. E. Behling (1911); ornithologist station was Charlemagne, Nikolai.

Since 1919 biostation moved slightly higher from Kiev on the Dnieper river, in the area of ??the village Staroselie Kiev region (the mountainous tract). In 1919, D. E. Behling invited to work in the Tauride University, but in 1921 returned to Kiev, and from 1922 again headed Dnipro biological station, which passed under the aegis of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (AUAS) at the end of 1921 to the decision of the Presidium AUAS February 13, 1934 the station was transformed into a hydro-biological station. In 1935, DE Belinga is assigned to the degree of Doctor of Biological Sciences without defending a thesis. Professor D. E. Behling was the director of the station from 1922 to 1937

In 1932 the All-Ukrainian Academy of Sciences ideological purges began. Under repressive press hit and Dmitry Evstafievich. At a meeting of the party faction AUAS recorded in a resolution: "Full opportunism and rotten liberalism amnesty openly reactionary bourgeois scholars at the Academy, as a great power, and the Ukrainian nationalist-fascists, such Kashchenko, Charlemagne, Schmalhausen Behling et al ... . "(TSGAOO Ukraine, p. 1, op. 20. e. 5295, p. 8).

October 28, 1937 DE Behling was arrested on charges of "participation in a counterrevolutionary organization and occupation of espionage." After interrogation, he admitted that even before the revolution consisted of a Masonic lodge "Dawn". Masonic Lodge operated from 1910-1911 in the union of the peoples of the Great East of Russia. Perhaps the lodge continued to work "Kiev Zarya". The meetings were held in the premises of the agricultural syndicate on the street. Fundukleyev (. In the present - Bogdan Khmelnitsky Street.). It referred to 1916

"However, working on the research work in the field of plant and animal aquatic organisms (hydrofauna, gidroflora and Hydro), - said at the interrogation scientist - opportunities for sabotage, which would be noticeable to the Soviet economy, I have had very limited regardless of the sentiments that I have had "(TSGAOO Ukraine, f. 261, op. 1, d. 44461, p. 61).

Asked the investigator, who is still a member of the Masonic Lodge, the scientist wholeheartedly called several other people, and among them was mentioned Zatonskii, Vladimir Petrovich, an influential member of the CC CP (B) U, the People`s Commissar of Education of the Ukrainian SSR (in 1922-1924 and 1933-1938 ). This time, apparently, is very interested in the KGB, because this paragraph is underlined in "reality." The next interrogation of the scientist concerned the direct involvement of VP Zatonsky a Masonic lodge.

In December 1937 DE Belinga go home, taking on his own recognizance, and his "business" on March 21 dismissed as "recent criminal activity Belinga investigators had not found" (ibid, p. 79).

And if the October 9, 1937 the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences took D. Belinga, as an enemy of the people, as director of Hydrobiological station, February 24, 1938, this decision was reversed, and the scientist was appointed head of the ichthyological station (Archive of the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, f . 251, OP. 1, q. 65, p. 313).

June 10, 1941, Professor D. E. Behling was the first director of the newly established Hydrobiological Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR.

June 22, 1941 the Great Patriotic War. Here he writes about this tragic period of a disciple of Professor DE Belinga outstanding Ukrainian zoologist AP Markevich. "Already in mid-July 1941, the evacuation. He was evacuated to Kyzyl-Orda (Uzbekistan) Kiev University. Start preparing for the evacuation and the Academy of Sciences. Among the other staff, I received a coupon, in which the number of the train have been designated, and car seats. Before leaving, I met professor DE Belinga. He was very confused and depressed. It turned out that the professor D. E. Behling, has not received evacuation ticket. With great regret and pain, professor D. E. Behling expressed his resentment at power, which did not appreciate his dedication to science. "

Position Director of the Hydrobiological Institute of D. E. Behling served and during the occupation of Kiev by German troops. In 1943, during the German retreat DE Behling was evacuated with a few employees and a part of the property of the Institute in Poznan. Then he moved to Germany, where he soon became a professor of the University of Gottingen in the Federal Republic of Germany. Died May 28, 1949 from stomach cancer.

Key research areas

Throughout his life, a scientist devoted to the study of fish, other animals, plants Dnieper River, becoming the 30th years one of the leading Ukrainian specialists in the field of freshwater fish fauna of USSR waters. I do not pass it by, and environmental issues. Even in 1914, he took part in the Kiev exhibition of environmental protection. In the early 20`s organized near Kiev Zoo Concha Zaspa, in 1931 - a mountainous nature reserve. Directed by hydrobiological research expeditions Dnieper rapids, on the study of the Vinnytsia District of reservoirs, Research Belotserkovsky district pond farms. He studied the hydrological characteristics of the channel and the state of the bottom of the Dnieper River. For the protection of fish often appeared in the magazine "Ukrainian hunter and fisherman" (monthly illustrated magazine began publication in 1925). He was engaged in breeding rare fish in the river (sturgeon). He was an active member of the Commission of Local History at AUAS, the Committee for Protection of Monuments of nature and manage Circle of Friends of Nature.