Dimitr Gychev

Picture of Dimitr Gychev

Date of Birth: 11/28/1893

Age: 70

Citizenship: Bulgaria


Born in a poor family. He graduated from the Sofia Seminary. As a young man came into the OPRC. During the First World War he served in the Army, was convicted of an active anti-war activities. In 1919-1920 - the organizer of BAU in Plovdiv, in 1921-1923 - head of the organization have been analyzed in the Plovdiv District. In 1923 he was elected to the 20th Ordinary National Assembly. After the coup of June 9, 1923 was illegally arrested and then released after a few months. In 1925 he was arrested, convicted, but then pardoned. From 1926-1944 - founder and director of the OPRC "Vrabcha-1" - right wing "agricultural" movement. In 1927-1934 - deputy of the 22 th (which was the secretary of the parliamentary group of the OPRC) and 23 th Ordinary National Assembly.

He was a member of the People`s bloc - a coalition that won the parliamentary elections of 1931. On June 29, 1931 to December 31, 1932 - Minister of Agriculture and State Property in the government of Alexander Malinov and Nikola Mushanova. He achieved the adoption of the law on protection of the peasant, according to which suspends the sale of land for the debts, was introduced in the payment of debt installments, which, in turn, declined. In addition, small plots of land (up to and including 4 hectares) declared inalienable. According to the State Budget Act cease levying land tax from the first hectare of each possession. The government pursued a partial write-offs and a reduction of tax arrears.

On December 31, 1932 to May 19, 1934 - Minister of Commerce, Industry and Labour, December 31, 1932 to January 18, 1933, at the same time, managed by the Ministry of Education in Mushanova government. In 1933, he was unable to achieve agreement on the coalition partners on the adoption of a new law reduces the debt and increase the prices of agricultural products. Divisions within the Cabinet Office contributed to a new revolution (19 May 1934), toppled the government Mushanova.

Since 1934 he was in opposition. Was interned in Klisura Monastery, advocated restoration actions Tarnovo Constitution, accused the government of establishing a dictatorship. He was put on trial, sentenced to one year in prison, but acquitted on appeal the sentence. In 1938-1939 he was a deputy of the 24th Ordinary National Assembly. During World War II, he was an opponent of cooperation with Germany, at the same time became a member of the Fatherland Front, a significant role in which Communists played. From 2 to 9 September 1944 he was part of the government of Constantine Muravieva as a minister without portfolio.

Together with other members of the government Muravieva was betrayed by the so-called People`s Court and sentenced to one year in prison, which ruled him out of political life in the period of approval from the government of the Fatherland Front government (in 1996 the Supreme Court overturned the verdict). In September 1945 he was released from prison and returned to active duty. In November 1945 he participated in the conference unifying OPRC "Vrabcha-1" and the OPRC "Nikola Petkov", which gave a speech "for a single agricultural union - support and hope of the Bulgarian people."

December 31, 1947 was arrested and brought to trial on charges of organizing armed detachments (Thu), sabotage and spreading rumors. Pleaded not guilty, was sentenced in 1948 to life imprisonment. While in detention until 1960, with the first eight years - in solitary confinement; resolutely refused to make concessions to the authorities. The information contained in the Pleven prison. He was released from prison August 8, 1960.

In Sofia, is a monument to the three leaders of the "agricultural" movement - Dumitru Gichev, Nikola Petkov and Dr. GM Dimitrov ( "Gemeto").