Date of Birth: 04/02/1906
Place of birth: Breslau
Dietrich Bonhoeffer was born February 4, 1906 in Breslau in the family of a famous physician and university professor Karl Bonhoeffer. He studied at the Theological Faculty of Tubingen (1923) and Berlin (1924), received a diploma theologian in 1927. In 1930 went to the United States, where he studied at the United Theological Seminary. Returning home, he began teaching at the theological faculty of the University of Berlin. In October 1933, when it became clear that Hitler intended to use the German church for their own purposes, Bonhoeffer went to London and became members of the English parsonage. Refusing to recognize the public church stavshuyuinstrumentom Hitler`s policies, Bonhoeffer supported the establishment of the Confessional Church and with the support of many Anglican communities, returned to Germany to take part in the activities of the Confessional Church. He wrote a book in which he proved the moral st fight against the Nazi regime and took part in a plot to overthrow Hitler. In 1938, Bonhoeffer came into contact with Major General Hans Oster, chief of staff of the Abwehr, Colonel-General Ludwig Beck, who had just retired from the post of Chief of Staff of the army, and the head of the Abwehr, Admiral Wilhelm Canaris. Bonhoeffer became a double agent counterintelligence service Canaris and courier to communicate with foreign organizations in Sweden and Switzerland. March 19, 1939 he went to London to meet with Bishop George Bell, Reinhold Niebuhr and Gerhard Leybholtsem, and the following month went to the United States. Visiting Sweden in 1942, he brought a proposal from the conspirators in the peace negotiations with the Allies. He has helped seven Jews escape to Switzerland, which almost cost him his life. January 17, 1943 has announced his engagement to Maria von Vedemayer, but on April 5 he was arrested, sent to prison Tegel and charged with "undermining the armed forces." After the failed July 1944 conspiracy, Bonhoeffer was in the cellars of the Gestapo in the Prinz Albrechtstrasse. February 7, 1945 he was sent to Buchenwald and then transferred to the Flossenburg camp. All those who knew him in those days, were delighted with his noble behavior and good spirits in inhuman conditions in which he even managed to write poetry. The verdict of the military tribunal Bonhoeffer was executed on April 9, 1945 in Flossenburg, not having lived a few days before the end of hostilities in Europe. In church circles Bonhoeffer`s name has become synonymous with martyrdom.