American photographer of Russian- Jewish origin. Diane Arbus (born Diane Nemerov) was born March 14, 1923 in Greenwich New York City, USA in the family Nemerovs families, and grew close to the prestigious New York area Park Avenue and Central Park.
Her family owned a fur shop under the guise Russeks (nee Diana`s mother) at the Fifth Avenue ,error status: 400Mother Arbus dealt mainly shopping and talking on the phone and was often available for their children. Children were instructed nurses (each child had his own) . Diana since childhood was very close with his older (by three years) brother, Howard (Howard Nemerov later became a famous poet) ;her younger sister by five years, Rene, who later became an interior designer, Diana was the mother.
In 1930 Diana attended the Ethical Culture School (Ethical Culture School), and later - Fildstonskuyu school (Fieldston School), where they were first spotted her talent in the visual arts. Talents greatly encouraged the father of Diana : he specifically requested personal illustrator Russeks, Dorothy Thompson, Diana regularly. Miss Thompson studied fine arts courses known Berlin artist, graphics and cartoonist George Grosz ; Arbus later than once confessed his love for his work. In 1937, Diana met future actor Allan Arbus and immediately is willing to marry him. In order to prevent this, parents send her to Diana in 1938 summer courses in Kammingtonskuyu arts school where Diana met with Alex Elliot (Elliot as artistic editor of Time magazine in 1947, will take) . Alex Elliot became the second largest in love Diana.
In 1941, eighteen Diane against the will of parents marrying Allan Arbus. Diana `s marriage seemed the only possibility to escape from the influence of parents. The couple had two daughters : Dawn (1945) and Amy (1954) . Diana spent a lot of time with them.To feed his family, Allan worked two jobs seller and parallel trying to earn a photographer, although lifelong dream to play in the theater and film, but due to family responsibilities on this his dream Allan was abandoned. In 1943, Allan Arbus finished army of photographers courses. Under the influence and with the help of her husband Diana became a fashion photographer in 1946 : the first orders it receives from his father, who partly helps the financing of their photographic equipment. In 1947, the couple were presented to the management of the publishing house Conde Nast : here they were instructed to do for magazines Vogue and Glamour series of sweaters pictures.
In their joint work always Allan was responsible for the shooting process itself and technical aspects ; Diana also appeared as the author of the shooting concept, style. Due to their incredible coherence in the work they are often mistaken for his cousin and cousin. Fashion photography of those years very much focused on the nuances of color, stiffness and rigid illumination, however, the couple Arbus has always stood for the informal approach to the process. In their work, they tried to break the established framework of fashion photography. In 1951 they travel to Europe for a year. Diana discovers the ability to express themselves and express their vision of the world through photography. Together with her husband she is preparing for his photographs of Paris Vogue. In the mid-1950s, Arbus acquainted with Richard Avedon, who was already a model photographer.For a long time Avedon and Diane were friends and admirers of each other`s work. But Diana was very dissatisfied with their work.
At this time, it exacerbated severe depression, which with some interruptions forced her to suffer from childhood. Dissatisfaction reached the pain intensifies. Allan supports his wife ,but after a nervous breakdown in 1957, they decide to stop working together. Diana started to work independently, while Allan continued to practice their studio. But after a year of professional break followed and personnel. Diane and Allan remained friends, and divorced only in 1969 ,when Allan wanted to marry a second time.
Diana alone trying to find his subject in the photo. She attends several master classes by famous photographers, but for the most part remains dissatisfied. In the course of the Austrian photographer Lisette Model, which became famous thanks to his portraits of the city`s nightlife ,error status: 400The famous writer Norman Mailer, see the first works Arbus, he said: " Giving Arbus camera - all the same that to allow the child to play with a grenade. "
In the decade between 1960 and until his death in 1971, Diane Arbus earned his living mainly as a free photo reporters for various magazines. There are no other opportunities to earn money photos while there were no museums and galleries that era has not yet discovered this kind of art as making a profit and public interest. Actually, as an art form is not perceived picture. Almost all the photographers of the time were in fact a double life : Five days a week they did for photographing, and weekend newspapers and magazines doing that in their concept is meant by creativity.
Diane Arbus was one of the most daring ,who tried (and succeeded) to impose on customers own vision and their own style in photography. The success was largely due to the fact that many of the things that she is impressed, become available to the rest of the audience only because of its status as the press reporter. At the same time in many editions of the period increasing willingness to experiment : one of the first such publication for Arbus became the magazines Esquire and Harper`s Bazaar: are not afraid at the time to move from literary works to the genre of reportage and work Arbus proved to be very handy.Following these publications publish works Arbus began New York Times, Sports Illustrated, Show, Herald Tribune and others. After her first work for Esquire (entitled " Vertical journey ") and Harper`s Bazaar (" End of range ") for 11 years was published more than 250 journal papers and its more than 70 shots for the newspaper articles. Often, Diana worked on the texts and articles.
Great influence on Arbus has reopened in 1961 after a long oblivion film Tod Browning`s " Freaks " (Freaks, 1932), which starred along with the usual circus actors with extreme physical disabilities. Subsequently, Arbus made considerable efforts ,to meet with these people, gain their trust and agreed to pose for photo shoots.
In 1963-1966, its activity was supported by the Guggenheim Museum. Since 1968, Diana regularly works with the magazine Sunday Times Magazine.This magazine, together with another edition of the popular Nova decides in 1970 to finance the life of Diana Arbus life in England. In the same year Diana begins work on his famous series about people with physical deformities, receives the award from Robert Louis American Society of Magazine Photographers ,however, her health begins to deteriorate rapidly during this period. After the transferred in 1966 and 1968 hepatitis Diana exacerbated by bouts of depression and, in spite of the long courses of therapy, the pain intensifies. Mentioned earlier Lisette Model once suggested that Arbus suffered from a type of schizophrenia. Cause of the disease could be covered in the obsessive and intractable expectations from the work that Diana capital. July 26, 1971 Diane Arbus took a large dose of barbiturates and cut his wrists.
The theme of creativity Arbus was surreal, sick and crippled people in their everyday life. She took pictures of those who in the opinion of society ,it was the outsiders : transvestites, dwarves, prostitutes, the mentally and physically defective people. Diana and impresses ordinary people, but its camera is always attached them poses some alienation, troubled. Arbus never forces his characters to pose, and always give them space and time, in order ,so that they find their place in front of her camera. Photos Arbus is neither staged photographs, nor any shooting, but always appeared in its frame images of grotesque, repulsive and unusual, even in everyday life. In the creation of the atmosphere of the most unusual everyday Arbus developed approach RY Mityarda. Arbus from 1962 used in the shooting Rolleiflex brand, resulting in the process to increase the negatives from 35mm to 6x6 cm size. This passive square format consistent with its centered in composite shooting fashion sense, and turned out to be full of negativity a lot of detail. Diane Arbus is always focused on the work in the studio : the choice of a suitable camera, lighting and object strictly thought-out composition is contrary to the principle of " random composite", which stuck to Arbus. Her work with unusual light and shadow ,in its aesthetics "instant picture " has always opposed the then dominant philosophy of the aligned perfectly frame.
In 1972, the curator of the Museum of Modern Art in New York, John Sharkovskii prepared a retrospective of works Arbus, but a catalog of selected photographs was rejected by almost all publishing houses. Print monograph only agreed Aperture magazine : monograph has become one of the most influential in the world of photography books, 12 times has been reprinted and sold more than a hundred thousand copies. Arbus Retrospective at the New York Museum of Modern Art throughout the country has attracted more than 7 million viewers. In the same year Arbus became the first American photographer, presented at the Venice Biennale. Her work Identical Twins is still in sixth place in the list of the most expensive pictures of all times : in 2004 it was sold for 478 400 USD.
Arbus `s daughter, Doon (Dong) later became sodtrudnichat Richard Avedon on their joint book "ALICE IN WONDERLAND: THE FORMING OF A COMPANY, THE MAKING OF A PLAY", for which the Doon Arbus wrote texts. In total, their familiarity with Avedon resulted in thirty years of activity.
In 2006 he came artistica biopic about Diane Arbus, " Fur " with Nicole Kidman and Robert Downey Jr. Painting with a budget of $ 12 million issued in limited release in the United States November 10, 2006. The Russian film theaters and has not appeared.