Date of Birth: 03/20/1854
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Forefather production print
David Gestetner Chorny was born in Hungary (Csorna, Hungary), March 20, 1854-th. During his youth he worked as a clerk at the stock exchange in Vienna (Vienna) One of the objectives of David was an endless rewriting of the hand of market statistics. To facilitate this kind of work, Gestetner gradually came to the invention of the first method of reproduction with the help of a stencil.
Moving to Chicago (Chicago), he was making kites for sale of Chinese paper. The idea of ??a copier born after Gestetner accidentally knocked over a bottle of ink on the paper. David suddenly realized that each of the sheets remained blot of the same shape.
For screen printing method used Gestetnera thin sheet of fibrous paper coated with wax. The coated paper image or text using a special stylus that left furrows in the wax layer. Through the pressure groove paint transferred on limited edition prints, white sheets of paper. Initially, for the application of the ink on the stencil used colorful roller.
Prior to the implementation of the invention, when it was necessary to do it manually about 10-50 copies of contracts, agreements or letters for a variety of purposes, especially in the business sphere, each copy was necessary to re-read, so that no error had crept entailed serious consequences. The verification process was time-consuming and exhausting. The method of screen printing meant drawing only one instance of the document, which is replicated with precision at 100%.
Gestetner, eventually moved to London (London) and 1881 founded the company `Gestetner Cyclograph Company` for stencil production, stylus, ink rollers and others. He poluchilpatent its main invention, plus other useful Soup produced, such as nail clippers and ball pen. Stencil duplicator Gestetnera suddenly became famous all over the world, and soon David has created a network of branches `Gestetner Cyclograph Company`, responsible for sales and service of its products.
In subsequent years, the copier has been improved. Gestetner used pair synchronously rotating drums, one of which housed the original, on the other - a copy. Each full rotation has issued a finished copy. After the invention of the first typewriter appeared templates that allow you to make copies that are similar in style to newspapers and books, rather than the handwritten material.
Stencil duplicator has opened the possibility to create absolutely any uncensored and supervisory instance paper copies with your ideas or thoughts. Now you can freely hang your heart desires, near the factories, churches, government agencies, parks, etc. Until then I had to seek help from the owners of printing presses, asking for considerable sums. In addition, you could simply refuse to print if the owner did not like the content of the press.
The company `Gestetner Cyclograph Company` rapidly expanded in the early and mid 20th century. Management was taken over by his son David Sigmund, who, in turn bequeathed the business to his sons, David and Jonathan. Gestetner also acquired several other companies, including `Nashua` (later` Nashuatec`), `Rex Rotary`,` Hanimex` and `Savin`. In the end, the holding company of NRG was established.
David Gestetner died March 8, 1939-th in London.
In 1996, `Gestetner Company` was acquired by the Japanese company` Ricoh`.