Date of Birth: 11/12/1774
Place of birth: Borzna
I listened to the lectures of Schelling and Steffens. Considered a favorite pupil of Schelling. Consisted adjunct (1805), then professor (1814-37), St. Petersburg Medical-Surgical Academy. Due to illness in 1837 left eye down, blinded shortly, his writings dictated to his wife.
Vellanskiy value in the development of philosophical ideas is very high. He had a great influence on the formation of circles "Wisdom."
In 1820 "wiseacres" admitted the head of the Russian Vellanskiy shellingiantsev. Pavlov, head of the Moscow Schellingism, Vellanskiy treated with exceptional attention. However, even after a decade Vellanskiy seemed youth representative of the "backward" flow of thought already. Anyway, in the Russian Schellingism, which was extremely fruitful for the Russian philosophical thought, Vellanskiy belongs by right the first place - not only in the chronological sense, but also because of its serious and persistent work in natural philosophy.
Throughout his life Vellanskiy developed the philosophy of nature, close to Schellingism. I consider nature as a product of universal life principle. All living and non-living objects of nature, as well as time and space, according to Vellanskiy, are manifestations of the infinite and eternal beginning. Of course is it is neither matter nor force and perfect unity of the two, conceptually comprehended. Recognised knowable world otdavayaprioritet rational knowledge. He expressed the dialectical ideas of the universal connection of phenomena, in the form of the development of the triad, to combat both polarities of the source.
Vellanskiy was a natural philosopher, but all the same philosophy as such. In 1824 he wrote a book Odoyevskiy: "I first announced to the Russian public twenty years ago about the new knowledge of the natural world based on Theosophical concept that although began with Plato, but formed and matured Schelling." Vellanskiy took Schelling not only natural philosophy, but to a large extent and transcendentalism. However, not only Vellanskiy, but also in the German and Russian Schellingism most influential proved Schelling his turn to realism. Transcendentalism in shellingiantsev left by the wayside. In Vellanskiy, after his realistic interpretation of Schelling, in the foreground is the realistic concept of philosophy of nature. But we should not underestimate the value of philosophical material in Vellanskiy - it is still, in essence, transcendentalist (in the spirit of the "system of identity" Schelling). From his writings can be learned fairly consistent outline of epistemology and metaphysics. Vellanskiy defended synthesis of speculation and experience, "speculative and empirical knowledge, - he wrote - one-sided, and each individually incomplete ... speculation, with all its advantages, is not enough bezempirii". However, the "true knowledge consists of ideas, not in the sense data; although experience shows, and many hidden natural phenomena, but are not explained in any of its essential value. Experience and observation are transitory and limited forms of things, but do not touch the infinite and eternal their essence. " In others. Vellanskiy site writes that the task of science is not empirical "embrace certain items", and in the general quest of unity in nature. These epistemological construct explicitly determined that the metaphysical concept that Schelling developed in his philosophy of nature, and which sought to know the nature of a living unity. "Nature is the product of everyone`s life - wrote Vellanskiy, - acting as the creative spirit. All living and inanimate substances produced by the same absolute life. " Time, space, matter, too, are the "phenomenon" of the eternal and infinite beginning; "Universal Life" is not a why no substance, no force - a perfect start to both, we comprehended intellectually.
This general metaphysical concept, taken from Schelling, not just enchanted Vellanskiy and insight was hidden for him in the creative mystery of the world. With this insight, he inspired in his scientific writings. Vellanskiy was more than "convinced" of the value of this concept - he was captivated and fascinated by it. Vellanskiy included, ie. A., In the school of Schelling, developed in the spirit of his teachings problems of science and nature. He accepts the doctrine of the world soul, the principle of polarity in the nature of the universal animation and organic structure of the world. That "vsesuschestvennoe" principle, which is the Absolute, is the source of the inexhaustible vitality of the world; rooted in the Absolute itself all empirical being. From this basic perception of the world and his life follows and epistemological position Vellanskiy, for our minds "is only a reflection of the Absolute Mind, is the essence of universal life" for him.
Cit .: Prolyuziya to medicine as a solid science. St. Petersburg, 1805.; The biological study of Nature in her creator and solubility as containing the main mark of general physiology. St. Petersburg, 1812.; Review of the main contents of philosophical natural science, engraved works of Oken. St. Petersburg, 1815.; Summary of the main contents of general physics. St. Petersburg, 1830.; Experimental, observational and speculative physics, setting forth the nature of the material in the types of activity and strength builders basis of the inorganic world - a component of the first half of the physical encyclopedia of knowledge. St. Petersburg, 1831.; The basic outline of the general and special physiology, physics or organic world. St. Petersburg, 1836.; Philosophical definition of Nature and Man // Sakulin PN From the history of Russian idealism. T. 1. Part 1. M., 1913.