Daniil Andreev

Picture of Daniil Andreev

Date of Birth: 02/11/1906

Age: 52

Place of birth: Berlin

Citizenship: Russia


Born on October 20 (November 2), 1906 in Berlin, the son of L.N.Andreeva writer. His mother died in childbirth, the child`s grandmother and aunt raised. The atmosphere of the house where there were well-known writers and artists (IA Bunin, Gorky, Scriabin, Shalyapin and others.), Had a significant influence on the spiritual formation of Andreev. He soon began writing poetry and prose.

At the end of secondary school and university literature courses Andreev worked as a graphic designer. He continued to write poetry and prose, not being able to be printed. The main theme of the novel Night Wanderers (1937) has become a new religion that unites all world religions. Andreev called her Rose of the World.

During the Great Patriotic War, Andreev worked on poems amber and Germans (not finished). In 1942 he was drafted into the army, took part in the fighting near Leningrad. At the end of the war he was demobilized and worked as a graphic designer at the Moscow Museum of Communications. In 1946 he co-authored a book published S.Matveevym Significant research mountainous Central Asia. Work on the book of Russian travelers in Africa were interrupted in 1947 and the arrest of his wife Andreeva. Andreev was charged with preparing a terrorist act and sentenced to 25 years in prison.

Incarcerated in Vladimir prison. His health was undermined, but the creative spirit remained strong. Together with the neighbors "academic" cell physiologist and historian L.Rakovym V.Parinym, I wrote the book The latest Plutarch. Illustrated Biographical Dictionary of imaginary well-known figures of all times and countries from A to Z (publ. In 1991). In prison, Andreev wrote major works and his life - the book Russian Gods (1955, published in 1993.), Mystery Train (1956, published in 1999.) And the Rose of the World (1958, published in 1991.). In these works, he embodied the religious and philosophical system of the universe. Andreev wrote that the names of the carriers of light and dark forces (Gagtungr, Yarosvet, Navna et al.), The names of the layers of the universe (Enrof, Shadanakar) were heard during his transcendental journeys on other worlds. Mystical revelation described Andreev using expressive metaphors, unusual rhythmic system and the newly invented words. The poet explained the necessity of creation of words as follows: "In the words of the tested - comfort, / But in old bottles do not pour / Wines Mlada. / The concept of a new - a new sign / Must give a poet and magician. / Word finder "(Not for sonorous beauty ..., 1955).

Russian Book of the gods, which reflects the main events of Russian history, called Andreev poetic ensemble. It includes poems, poetry and poetic symphony cycles. One of the main poems included in the book - Leningrad apocalypse. Andreev defined the method by which it is written as "skvozyaschy realism", thus emphasizing that through the pictures really show through images of other worlds.

The Iron mysteries described the struggle of light and dark forces in the history of Russia, and more - in all layers of the universe. The Peace Rose Andreev wrote metahistory Russian culture, including-soluble Pushkin Lermontov, Nikolai Gogol, Leo Tolstoy and others. Artists, whom he called messengers. Andreev thought that the creation of a single universal religion - Rose of the World - the only alternative to the apocalypse.

The release of the writer from prison was impossible for several years after Stalin`s death and the 20th Party Congress, because Andreev gave the commission to review the cases a statement in which he wrote: "I was not going to kill anyone in this part of the request to reconsider my case. But while in the Soviet Union there is no freedom of conscience, freedom of speech and freedom of the press, please do not consider me a totally Soviet man. " He was released in 1957. After leaving prison, Andreev continued to work on the Rose of the World, engaged in poetic translations. In collaboration with Z.Rahim translated from Japanese works R.Hayasi.

Died Andreev in Moscow March 30, 1959.