Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi
Date of Birth: 07/31/1907
Place of birth: Cosby
Kosambi was born in Kosbene near Goa (Panaji), was under Portuguese rule. His father, Dharmananda Damodar Kosambi, came from a caste Brahmins, but later spoke out against the caste system, and outdated rituals, converted to Buddhism, and spent much of his life wandering. Kosambi Sr. was one of the leading philologists of India, which is largely determined the atmosphere in which his son was brought up. Already at the age of eight Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi I graduated from elementary school.
In 1918 DD Kosambi and his older sister Mannk Kosambi traveled with his father, a visiting Harvard University to work with the Buddhist sources, Massachusetts. In 1920, Kosambi, Jr. entered the higher Latin school in Cambridge. At Cambridge, he met and became friends with informatics Norbert Wiener, whose father worked with the Kosambi senior. Unlike most of his peers, Kosambi not focus your attention on one thing, and successfully combined the study of mathematics, science and social studies.
Brilliant passing school exams, Kosambi got an offer to come to Harvard University, but interrupted his studies in 1924 and returned to India to participate in the national liberation movement (Kosambi father, who returned to Gujarat University, was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi). In the US, Kosambi family returned in 1926, and in 1929 received the Damodar Dharmananda Harvard diploma.
On his return to India he taught mathematics and German at Banaras Hindu University (1930) and Muslim Aligara University (1931), where he was invited by Andre Weil. Article Kosambi on differential geometry, calculus, astronomy, and physics ( "Precession of elliptic orbit") began to be published in Indian, Italian and German editions.
From 1933 to 1945 he worked at the college Kosambi them. Fergusson in Pune, teaching math and working on the theory of graphs. In 1944 he published a short article on the four pages, in which he outlined his card function. In addition, during this period Kosambi has made a significant contribution to the science of history of India. An avid numismatist, Kosambi devoted considerable attention to the scientific study of numismatics and use it in the mathematical and historical methods.
In 1945 Bhabha Homi Jehangir Baba Kosambi offered the post of professor of mathematics at the Institute for Basic Research (the Institute of Social Sciences) them. Tata in Mumbai. Kosambi work at the Institute. Tata (1945 to 1962) is considered the most important period in his scientific career.
"Culture and civilization of ancient India" - Chief (along with the "Introduction to the study of Indian history") Kosambi historical work was published in 1965. In Kosambi it interprets the history and cultural tradition of India naosnove principles of historical and dialectical materialism.
Since the last phase of the struggle for Indian independence, Kosambi belonged to the left, in particular, to the Indian Communist Party. Supporting foreign policy of Jawaharlal Nehru and his socialist principles, Kosambi at the same time gave a harsh critique of the Indian leadership of internal policy, including its concessions to the bourgeoisie, which has caused tension in its relations with the authorities and even the care of the Institute. Tats. He welcomed the course of the Maoist leadership of the People`s Republic of China (during 1952-1962, he was a regular guest in the PRC) and actively participated in the anti-war movement as a member of the International Council of the World. By establishing contacts with peers and participating in the congresses of the world, Kosambi has visited Moscow, Beijing and Helsinki.
Kosambi`s daughter, Mira Kosambi - sociologist and activist of the feminist movement.