Date of Birth: 10/30/1451
Place of Birth: Republic of Genoa
person who accidentally discovered America
The name `Christopher Kolumb` - in fact, anglifitsirovannaya variation of the great traveler; in Italy he was known as Cristoforo Colombo (Cristoforo Colombo), and in Spain - as the Cristobal Colon (Crist & # 243; bal Col & # 243; n). The exact date and place of birth are unknown Columbus; he was born somewhere in Genoa (Genoa), in the period between October 31, 1450 th and October 30, 1451-th. In the words of Columbus, for the first time in the sea, he was released in 10 years. In 1473, he became an apprentice (and business agent), the representatives of a few rich Genoa delivery. On duty, he went several times to the journey by sea, escorting valuable cargo. In the period from 1477 till 1485 th Columbus lived in Lisbon (Lisbon).
Married to Philip downgraded Perestrelo (Filipa Moniz Perestrelo), the daughter of a Portuguese nobleman and governor of Porto Santo (Porto Santo), Columbus soon to become a father - his son Diego was born either in 1479-m, or in 1480-m. What happened to Philip hereinafter - unknown; Some claim that she died in 1485-m, the other - it is simply that Columbus dropped. Anyway, he moved to Castile, where he found a mistress.
Columbus always had a very ambitious; to address the challenges it faces, he learned a lot by browsing the scientific work and learning the tricks of foreign languages. Formal education he had, however, in and of itself, Christopher was able to learn a lot. One of the favorite books of the Bible was Columbus - the traveler is well known and often quoted it in his letters and diaries.
In the period from 1492 till 1503rd 4 Columbus made the journey from Spain to America and back. All these trips were sponsored by the Spanish government, and the main purpose of the search was a short waterway to Asia. Valuable resources in China and India, there were many, but the Silk Road - especially after the fall of Constantinople - a special safety is not famous. Until the end of his days, Columbus refused to admit that I got not to Asia, but to a new continent, which played a role in the choice of name for this continent.
On the first voyage Columbus sailed August 3, 1492 the first ships `Santa Mariya`,` `and Pinta` Ninya` (aka` Santa Klara`). First, the court sailed to the Canary Islands, then traveled across the ocean. The first ground lookout `Pinta` noticed around 2.00 am on October 12; however, later Columbus said that a few hours before, and he saw the light on the ground, thus appropriating the right to the promised Spain a lifetime pension. Outdoor Island - one of the Bahamas - Columbus called `San Salvador` (San Salvador). Here sailors met with the natives, celebrated their friendliness - and the love of gold jewelry. Later `Santa Mariya` flew stranded and had to leave her. After further investigation of the surrounding waters - and the first serious conflict with local - navigators went home (the captives as human gifts dozen natives).
News about the opening created a furor. For the second time in the way Columbus sailed on 17 ships already. From Cadiz Court reached September 24, 1493-th; restore the exact route is difficult, but most of it is more or less clear - Columbus passed along the Lesser Antilles (Lesser Antilles), the Greater Antilles (Greater Antilles) and landed in Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico). The track was a little visit to Haiti (Haiti) and Cuba (Cuba). Along the way, Columbus landed part of the crew, forming the first European colony in America - in any case, since the days of the Vikings visits.
The third expedition sponsored not particularly vigorous; by the end of its Columbus completely at odds with the Spanish colonists and had to suppress a major rebellion. The Spanish authorities later forced him to make peace with the rebels rather degrading conditions and as governor of new lands have shifted; Columbus and lost the exclusive right to explore new lands.
The fourth expedition was the last chance to find a direct route to Asia; alas, in the way of Christopher Columbus embarked insurmountable obstacle - Central America.
Leaving journey, Columbus bumped into the religion. Trying to knock out the Spanish Crown the right to 10% of all revenues from the new lands to nothing lead. His health, meanwhile, continued to deteriorate; Columbus himself was convinced that he was suffering from gout or influenza; Modern physicians tend to believe that Columbus was the victim of reactive arthritis (Reiter`s syndrome).
May 20, 1506 th Christopher Columbus died in Valladolid, Spain (Valladolid, Spain). First, his ashes buried in Valladolid, then - in Seville (Seville), and later, in 1542-m - moved into the territory of the modern Dominican Republic.