Christian Von Wolff
Date of Birth: 01/21/1679
Place of birth: Breslau
In 1706, graduating in Jena, Wolf became a professor of mathematics and philosophy at Halle. As a result of accusations of atheism, the scientist was forced to resign and leave Prussia. He went to Hesse, where he taught until 1740 at the University of Marburg. In the same year, King Frederick II invited the philosopher back to Prussia, where he began again to teach at the University of Halle. In 1743, Wolf became the rector of the university, on what is the office and remained until his death. One of the students was H. Wolff MV Lomonosov, who, however, did not share the views of some of his natural philosophy.
As a philosopher Wolf was greatly influenced by Leibniz, with whom he was personally acquainted, and conducted the correspondence. Wolf is considered to merit the systematization of the central sections of the philosophy of Leibniz. In addition, its influence has experienced a tradition of rationalism. He developed and set out very clearly in his writings onto-theological concept Wolffian (Eng. Wolffianism), which is a branch of leybnitsianstva, was the dominant philosophical system in Germany middle of the XVIII century, despite numerous attacks opponents, such as Joachim Lange. Subsequently, it strongly criticized Kant.
He was a foreign member of the Berlin, Paris and St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences and the Royal Scientific Society. When life enjoyed fame and prestige in the community of scientists.
The creative contribution as a truly original thinker and scientist, Wolf, however, distinguished by a truly encyclopedic erudition, clarity of language, care and thoroughness of analysis.
H. Wolff also owns several manuals on mathematics, exerted a strong influence on the organization of the teaching of this discipline in Germany and Russia. Of particular importance was published by him in 1716 in Leipzig "Mathematical Lexicon