Date of Birth: 07/03/1860
Place of Birth: Hartford
Citizenship: United States
role model for future generations of feminists
Charlotte Perkins Gilman was born July 3, 1860-th in Hartford, Connecticut (Hartford, Connecticut), and was the daughter of Mary Perkins (Mary Perkins) and Frederick Beecher Perkins (Frederick Beecher Perkins). She had only one brother, Thomas Ady (Thomas Adie), 14 months older than her. Mary heed the advice of a doctor, who stated that the next generations can lead to her death, and no longer bear children.
When Charlotte was a child, his father abandoned the family, leaving his wife and children in poverty. In five years, the girl herself began to learn to read, as her mother was ill. Generally, Mary did not show kindness to the children and tried to protect them from the `` heart pain, forbidding children to have the best of friends and reading books. However, the love of reading in Gilman is not extinguished, and bibliophile father, a few years connected sdochkoy, gave her a list of books that, in his opinion, would be worth reading.
Charlotte has replaced seven public schools, which struck his intelligence and breadth of knowledge of teachers who are, however, disappointed, finding out how much it is poor. Her favorite subject was natural philosophy, especially the part of it later became known as physics.
In 1884 she married the artist Charles Walter Stetson (Charles Walter Stetson). Their only child, a daughter, Catherine Beecher Stetson (Katharine Beecher Stetson), was born a year later. After the birth of her daughter Gilman severely affected by postpartum depression. At that time, these mothers were called `` hysterics and did not perceive the psychological problems of young mothers seriously.
In 1888, Charlotte left her husband, which was very rare in the late 19th century, and made it so in order to improve their mental health. Legally, the marriage was dissolved in 1894-m. After the divorce, Gilman and his daughter went to Pasadena, California (Pasadena, California), where she became an activist of several feminist and reformist organizations. Eventually, she sent her daughter to her ex-husband and his second wife, Grace Ellery Channing (Grace Ellery Channing). In his memoirs, Charlotte wrote that second mother Katherine was as good as the first, and perhaps even better in some respects. At Gilman was a progressive view on parental rights, and she admitted that her former husband had the right to be with Catherine, and Catherine - to know and love his father.
After the death of his mother in 1893, Charlotte returned to the east and to establish contact with his cousin Houghton Gilman (Houghton Gilman), a lawyer from Wall Street. The relationship quickly grew into a romance, and in 1900 the couple were married. Until 1922 the couple lived in New York City (New York City). Houghton died suddenly of a brain haemorrhage in 1934, and Gilman returned to Pasadena, where her daughter lived.
In January 1932, Charlotte was diagnosed with breast cancer. The situation was hopeless. Being a supporter of euthanasia for the terminally ill, Gilman committed suicide August 17, 1935-th. The cause of death was an overdose of chloroform. In his autobiography, and a suicide note she wrote that selects chloroform instead of cancer. Gilman died quickly and quietly.
`` There was no female uma` does not exist. The brain - not the genitals. With the same success it is possible to talk about `feminine pecheni``.