Date of Birth: 02/14/1869
Place of birth: Glencorse
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Scottish physicist Charles Thomson Fig Wilson was born on a farm near Glencorse.
The boy was four years old when his father died and the family moved to the English city of Manchester, where they had a lot of support relatives. Visiting Grinheyskuyu academic school in Manchester, Wilson expressed interest in the natural sciences, never missing an opportunity to prepare drugs for observation under the microscope.
After graduation in 1884, he, taking advantage of the financial support of his half older brother William, he entered the Owens College (now the University of Manchester). There he studied science for three years and received a bachelor`s degree in 1887. Then he stayed in college for another year to study philosophy, Latin and Greek.
In 1888, Wilson went to Sydney Sussex College in Cambridge at the expense of the scholarship fund. While entering the Owens College, he was going to study medicine, he was now convinced that his vocation - physics.
After receiving a degree at Cambridge in 1892, he remained there for research.
After rising during the holidays in 1894, Ben Nevis, in Scotland mountaintop, Wilson was impressed by the optical phenomena, such as the rings around the sun, which are formed when the sun shines through the clouds and fog; This gave impetus to his research. Early next year, he began to attempt to reproduce these phenomena in the laboratory.
In 1899, he conducted research for the Meteorological Council; the following year he was elected to the Board of Sidney Sussex College, and was appointed a lecturer.
In 1913, Wilson was appointed observer voblasti Physics Meteorological Observatory in solar physics at Cambridge, where he remained until 1918, while continuing to carry out research with his camera and studying atmospheric electricity.
Since 1923 he has focused mainly on the study of atmospheric phenomena, invented instruments capable of measuring the total charge carried by lightning, storms and other characteristics. From 1925 to 1934 he was a professor of natural philosophy at Cambridge.
In 1927, Wilson was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for his method of visual detection paths of electrically charged particles by the condensation of steam."
After retiring from Cambridge in 1934, Wilson returned to Scotland and settled near the place where he was born. Always adored nature, he and his eighty-odd years continue to do mountain climbing and long walks through the neighborhood. He presented his latest article devoted to the storm, the Royal Society in 1956, being the oldest member of this society.
In 1907, Wilson married Jessie Fraser, Dick, minister`s daughter; they had two daughters and a son. Wilson died at his home in Karlopse, near Edinburgh, 15 November 1959
In addition to the Nobel Prize, he was awarded the Hughes Medal (1911), Royal (1922) and Copley (1935) Royal Society of London, as well as premium Hopkins Cambridge Philosophical Society (1920), Prize Gunning Royal Society of Edinburgh (1921) and the medal of Howard Potts Franklin Institute (1925). He was ennobled in 1937. In addition, he was the recipient of numerous honorary doctorates.