Charles Herbert Best
Date of Birth: 02/27/1899
Place of Birth: West Pembroke (pieces of Man.)
Citizenship: United States
BEST, Charles HERBERT (Best, Charles Herbert) (1899-1978), Canadian physician and physiologist. Born February 27, 1899 in West Pembroke (pcs. Maine, United States). He studied at the University of Toronto, where he received a bachelor`s degree (1921), master`s (1922) and Doctor of Medicine (1925). In 1920-1921 he worked at the Department of Physiology, in 1929 he became a professor and head of the department; from 1922 to 1932 was a Research Fellow of Connaught Laboratories, then Director (1932-1941). Since 1923, Best was an Associate Professor of Medical Research. Banting and Best at the University of Toronto, and from 1941 to 1967 headed the department.
In 1921, Best, who then worked with F.Bantingom led by Dzh.Makleoda, could be isolated from dog pancreatic hormone insulin. In subsequent experiments, Banting and Best demonstrated that insulin provides a pronounced therapeutic effect when administered to patients with diabetes mellitus. For this discovery in 1923 Banting and Macleod received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Half of the money received Bunting gave the Best.
During the Second World War, Best led the surgical service of the Royal Canadian Volunteer Naval Reserve and the Department of Medical Research of the Royal Canadian Navy. gold medal Starr Canadian Medical Association was awarded (1936) and Bailey Medal of the Royal College of Medicine in London (1939). He was a member of London and the Royal Society of Canada and President of the Canadian Physiological Society. Among the works Besta - Inner Secrets of the pancreas (Internal Secretions of the Pancreas, 1922, in collaboration with Banting); The life of the body (The Living Body, 1938), as well as a textbook Physiological basis of medicine (The Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 1939, in collaboration with Banting).
Best died in Toronto March 31, 1978.