Charles Albert Gobat
Date of Birth: 05/21/1843
Place of birth: Tramelan
Born in Tramelane (Northwestern Switzerland) in the family of a Protestant priest. He studied at the universities of Basel, Heidelberg, Paris and Bern. In 1867 he defended his thesis with honors from JD from the University of Heidelberg. Over the next 15 years he devoted himself to law. He combines the teaching of civil law in the University of Bern in private practice. He opened his own office in the canton of Bern, which became the leading law firm in the area.
After 1882 the center of its activities has shifted to the realm of politics and education. He was appointed a trustee of Berne Department of Public Education. In that position 30 years, it has carried out a series of progressive reforms. He transformed the system of primary education, deepening the program of study of modern foreign languages, expanded existed classical education system by introducing training courses for adults.
Of particular passion Goba was the story. He has gained recognition and popularity after the publication of the study Berne Republic and France in the religious wars and the popular book A People`s History of Switzerland.
Meanwhile political career Goba successfully developed. In 1882 he was elected to the Grand Council of Bern - the legislative assembly of the Canton; in 1886-1887 he headed the government of the canton. From 1884 to 1890 was a member of the Federal Council of Switzerland, and from 1890 until his death - a member of the National Council. In politics, as in education, Goba held liberal, moderate-reformist views. His greatest achievement is the adoption in 1902 in the Swiss law on compulsory inclusion of dispute resolution in all the multilateral trade agreements of the item on international arbitration to resolve disputes.
Goba interest for international law and arbitration was a reflection of his active participation in the peace movement. Yet in 1889 he was invited as an expert on arbitration at the first conference of the Interparliamentary Union, founded a year earlier by William Frederic Passy and Cremer. The body was designed to bring together parliamentarians from different countries to discuss issues of world politics and the development of cooperation between nations by means of parliamentary and democratic institutions. The best hope at a time borne by the international arbitration of all disputes and conflicts. Goba presided at the fourth conference of the union in 1892 in Bern. It was officially decided to establish an Inter-Parliamentary Bureau - Union headquarters in Bern, led by Goba. For 17 years he served as volunteer General Office of the Secretary. In this capacity, he coordinated the activities of the union, was preparing a new conference, edited a monthly publication Union "Inter-Parliamentary Conference", wrote the history of the International Bureau, etc.
After the death of Elie Ducommun in 1906, Goba took over the leadership of the International Peace Bureau, performing duties in many ways similar to his work at the head of the International Bureau of the Interparliamentary Union.
He died of a heart attack March 16, 1914 in Bern directly at the meeting of the International Peace Bureau.
Proceedings: Gobat, Albert. Le Cauchemar de l`Europe. Strasbourg, 1911; D & # 233; veloppement du Bureau international permanent de la paix. Bern, 1910; Republique de Berne et la France pendant les guerres de religion. Paris, Gedalge, 1891; L`Histoire de la Suisse racont & # 233; e au peuple. Neuch & # 226; tel, Zahn, 1900.