Date of Birth: 02/26/1824
Place of birth: Buenos Aires
Born in Buenos Aires on February 26, 1824. Known primarily as the author of the doctrine that bears his name, according to which foreign citizens must submit claims to the local courts, not in the diplomatic missions of their countries. According to this doctrine, the government is not responsible for damages caused to foreigners as a result of internal strife and civil war. Launched in 1868, the Calvo doctrine was developed in 1902 in the "Drago Doctrine", which provided for an exception to the international practice, the use of any power military intervention in order to force the State of the debtor to pay damages or to pay the debts of the subjects derzhavy.Kalvo was ambassador to Germany, Great Britain and France. In 1884 he participated in the founding of the Institute of International Law. The outstanding reputation in the field of international law began after the publication of major work Theory and practice of international law in Europe and America (Derecho internacional te rico y pr ctico de Europa y America, 1863). Another difficulty is its monumental 15-volume collection of Latin American diplomatic documents published in 1862-1867. In the period 1864-1875 he published five-volume Historical annals of Latin American War of Independence (Annales historiques de la r volution de l`Am rique latine). Calvo died in Paris on May 4, 1906.