Date of Birth: 07/17/1843
Place of birth: Corte
Penetrating into the essence of the nervous system
Camillo Golgi was born on July 7, 1843-CSOs in the village courts, Brescia, Austrian Empire (Corteno, Brescia, Austrian Empire). Today, the village is called Corteno Golgi - in honor of the future Nobel laureate. His father was a famous doctor, and it is largely determined the future Camillo.
Golgi studied at the University of Pavia (University of Pavia), where he worked in the experimental pathology laboratory under the Bizzotsero Giulio (Giulio Bizzozero), which deals with the study of bone marrow function. Golgi graduated from the University in 1865. Most of his career he has paid to the human central nervous system.
Methods for staining in the second half of the 19th century were not developed enough to fully explore the nerve tissue. While working in the post of the head physician at the psychiatric hospital Golgi experimented with metal impregnation of nervous tissue, using mostly silver. Camillo opened the method of staining individual nerve cells and when mobilized silver nitrate solution, able to detect the process of cell division. His discovery of the scientist called the `` black reaction (ital. `reazione nera`), and later a technique called method Golgi or Golgi stains.
For a while, the Golgi was a professor of histology at the University of Pavia. He worked in Siena (Siena), after which he returned to his university, where Bizzotsero inherited from the department of general pathology to the 1881-th. Seriously take root in Pavia, Camillo take the vows sealed with Donna Lina (Donna Lina), niece Bizzotsero. His children the couple was not, but they took on the education of the Golgi`s niece.
When Italian doctor working at the Hospital of St. Matthew (St. Matthew `s Hospital), he became interested in malaria. Nachavissledovaniya associated with this disease, Camillo opened three types of fever and identified three forms of the parasites that carry malaria. He studied the life cycle of Plasmodium and linked the three-day and four-day periods of fever observed in malaria with the life cycle of organisms, now bearing the name of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium malariae.
As a teacher, the Golgi has gained some notoriety for his commitment to the side of science to attract all those who are just showing an interest in it. The doors to his laboratory was open to all students. He was the head and founder of the Institute serotherapy and vaccination (Institute of Serotherapy and Vaccination) in the province of Pavia. For a long time the Golgi was in university rector positions. In 1905, he became one of the foreign corresponding members of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Academy of Sciences). Golgi and Santiago Ramon y Cajal (Santiago Ramony Cajal), Spanish physician and histologist, awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1906 for the study of the structure of the nervous system. Camillo died in Pavia, Italy January 21, 1926.
At the Monumental Cemetery Pavia (Monumental Cemetery of Pavia), along the central lane, just before the great monument to the fallen in World War I, is the tomb of the Golgi - simple granite slab with a bronze medallion with the profile of the scientist. Beside him lie two famous physician - anatomist Bartolomeo Panizza (Bartolomeo Panizza) and microbiologist Adelchi Negri (Adelchi Negri).
One of the memorable places, designed to draw attention to the history of the Italian doctor, became `Goldzhi` House, located a few hundred meters from the University of Pavia. In this house the Golgi spent much of his family life with his wife Lina.