Bruno Bettelheim

Picture of Bruno Bettelheim

Date of Birth: 08/28/1903

Age: 86

Place of birth: Vienna

Citizenship: Austria


Austrian psychoanalyst and educator best known for his work on the rehabilitation of children with disabilities in the emotional sphere. Bettelhaym believed that the best approach to autism treatment is not coercive measures, and regular contact and support from medical personnel. A notable development has been the publication Bettelhayma, based on his experience and observations: Love is not enough (Love Is Not Enough, 1950), fugitives from life (Truants from Life, 1955), The empty fortress (The Empty Fortress, 1967), the House for the heart (Home for the Heart, 1974). The views expressed in the deserted fortress view that autism is the result of improper handling of parents with a child, is now considered to be controversial, as revealed the role of the genetic component of this disease.

The contribution to the development of Bettelhayma collective behavior problems in modern society, especially the analysis of psychopathological phenomena in the Nazi concentration camps. The key of his work in this area is Article Individual and mass behavior in extreme situations (Individual and MassBehavior in Extreme Situations, 1943). The theme of mass behavior more fully disclosed in the book Knowledgeable heart (The Informed Heart, 1960).

Bettelhaym was born in Vienna on August 28, 1903, studied art history, psychology and philosophy at the University of Vienna. In 1938 he was arrested by the Nazis and sent to Dachau concentration camp and then to Buchenwald. He was released in 1939 and emigrated to the United States, where he taught psychology at the College of Rockford (Ill.), And then to the University of Chicago (1944). After retirement in 1973, he continued lecturing and writing. Died Bettelhaym in Silver Spring (Md.) March 13, 1990.

Among the important works Bettelhayma - Children Dream (Children of the Dream, 1960), personal development analysis in Israeli kibbutzim; Benefits of fascination (The Uses of Enchantment, 1976), a study of fairy tales, showing their positive role in the mastery of children realities of the outside world; Freud and the soul of man (Freud and Man`s Soul, 1983), which expressed the view that the incorrectness of the American translation of Freud, which led to a distortion of his views.