Date of Birth: 06/01/1886
Educated in Yekaterinoslav City College (1901) and at the Faculty of Moscow University. In 1904 he joined the RSDLP, Bolshevik. Since 1905, member of the Committee of the RSDLP Ekatrinoslavskogo. In 1906-07 he led the party work in Bryansk and Ural, the editor of an underground newspaper "The Ufa Worker". In 1910 he emigrated. He attended lectures at the Faculty of the University of Paris. In 1913 he returned to Russia, where he continued his Party work. In 1917, a member of the Moscow Committee of the RSDLP (b), before. its municipal committee, the secretary of the Bolshevik faction of the Moscow City Duma. Since Sept. 1917 prev. Kaluga council in Zamoskvorechye district Zamoskvoreche member of the Military Revolutionary Committee. "Pravda" newspaper Since 1918 member of the editorial board. In 1918-21 before. gubernia executive committees in Omsk, Kostroma, Kharkov, secretary Bryansk Provincial Committee of the RCP (b), Deputy. People`s Commissar of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. He participated in the organization of counter-insurgency operations in Ukraine. In 1921-1924 editor of "Working Moscow" newspaper, in 1925-1926 deputy. chief editor of "News of the CEC." In 1927-1929 the head of the press department of the Foreign Office. In 1931-1935 member of the Board of People`s Commissariat of Education and the beginning. Glavlit. He supervised political censorship in the Soviet Union. Since 1932, at the same time director of the literary department of the Institute of Red Professors, and editor of "class struggle". In 1935-1936 the head. Department of the Central School of the CPSU (b). In 1936-38 1 st Vice. People`s Commissar of Education of the RSFSR. In 1935-1945 editor of "History magazine" - horn falsified history of Soviet science. During the Great Patriotic War took part in the partisan movement. Since 1945 researcher at the Institute of Marx-Engels-Lenin of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). Author of a large number of historical and revolutionary works, which fully meet the right "jet", exalting IV Stalin and the party, distorting the real facts. His books include "A people`s guerrilla warfare" (1942), "Statistics and Politics" (1947), "Lenin in the Volga region. 1870-1893" (1955) and others. Awarded obituary in "Pravda".