Celebiography.net

Boris Veynberg

Picture of Boris Veynberg

Date of Birth: 07/20/1871

Age: 70

Citizenship: Russia

Background

At the end of the St. Petersburg University, he worked as a teacher in several secondary schools, then at the St. Petersburg Mining Institute in Novorossiysk University, St. Petersburg University and at the Bestuzhev Higher Courses for Women (BVZHK). At this time he became acquainted with DI Mendeleev working at this time in the House of weights and measures of the Ministry of Finance scientist keeper of weights and measures, and oversees subordinate to it, 20 provincial tents for checking trade weights and measures, and simultaneously edit the "Library of Industrial Science" (Vol. Brockhaus and Efron ). Over the years, Boris became its active member. During this time he has developed as a mature scientist, he became a doctor of physics, the author of many scientific papers. In 1906, he proposed a theory of ice movement on the inclined bed. He studied the movement of Arctic ice, as well as the physical and mechanical properties of ice. For this work, he was in the same year received his PhD at the same time the Lomonosov Medal of the Academy of Sciences. Theory BP Weinberg "Movement without friction" was the basis for outstanding invention: current models of electric road on a magnetic cushion, designed it in the physical laboratory of Tomsk Institute of Technology in 1913, in which he arrived in 1909, being appointed head of the department of physics, received the title of professor . As the Institute was equivalent to the Russian Academy of Sciences.

In Tomsk, the Siberian school, he created a solid-state physics, which after he led and developed further by his pupil, later academician VD Kuznetsov. At the Department of Physics, he created a weather station and arranged to study the passage of the earth through the tail of Halley`s Comet, created in 1910. Boris personally led the first in Siberia aerotehnichesky circle, then gave Russia such prominent figures as the aviation NI Kamov, Mil ML, Valedinskii AI and many others. It is this circle at the Department of Physics, under his leadership, and was created the world`s first installation of operating electric road on a magnetic cushion. Creating the world`s first pilot installation for more than half a century ahead of the study of American scientists in this direction. The news of this spread around the world in the distant Tomsk scientists rushed delegations from many countries of the world. At this time BP Weinberg maintained personal ties with many outstanding aviators of that time: the Wright Brothers, and other Bleriot.

In the same in 1913 for the first time in the world practice their electric heat drill for ice studies was designed.

In Tomsk, he not only headed the department at the Tomsk Institute of Technology, and at the same time taught courses in Tomsk State University and the Siberian University for Women.

Boris organized jointly with the Academy of Sciences, the study of terrestrial magnetism in Siberia and adjacent areas. To do this, he headed the 23 geomagnetic expedition that covered Siberia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, the materials are highly enriched Russian and world science. Within the walls of the Tomsk Institute of Technology, he laid the foundations of a new science - solar technology. At the same time, Professor Weinberg wrote and published a large number of fundamental scientific works, which have been published not only in Russia, but also a number of foreign countries. Only in English, German, French and Italian published them more than 130 works.

In 1915 the Imperial Academy of Sciences, following Vernadsky proposal organizes the Commission for the Study of Natural Productive Forces of Russia (CNPF), designed, in contemporary language, conduct an inventory of innovative potential of the country, headed by VI himself Vernadsky. An active member of this Commission becomes and Boris, leading the exploration of Siberia. The task of the Institute was planned scientific and practical study of nature, life and the population of Siberia in order to more rational use of natural resources of the region, cultural and economic development.

Difficult years of revolution and civil war, years of lack of money, ruin have left him indifferent witness. In 1918, Boris becomes a member of the Siberian Regional Duma of the Siberian Higher Courses for Women.

After dashing years, when the country began to build a new life, BP Weinberg did not stay on the sidelines. He took an active part in the convening and work of the first meteorological congress in Siberia, in the creation of the Institute for Siberia, where he served as CEO and in 1923 re-established at the Department of Physics at Tomsk Institute of Technology, the first in Siberia, a research institution in universities edge - Institute of Applied Physics. And it was done in the years of devastation in the most difficult years for Russia. Director of the Institute, which was transformed in the coming years with the Siberian Physico-Technical Institute (SPTI) himself became BP Weinberg.

In 1924, Boris returned to Petrograd, director of the Main Geophysical Observatory.

As part of the CNPF, preserved in the Soviet Union, most likely due to the VI Vernadsky, in 1925, it was organized under the leadership of Boris Petrovich solar energy research. BP Weinberg made a report and received financial support - in Kaplanbek near Tashkent - water heaters, boilers, dryers, solar greenhouse. It can be assumed that due to this practical work he was forced ostatsyatolko employee Geophysical Laboratory. In reality, this is a problem on a larger scale was set only in 1939, when at the Moscow Institute Energy Commission under the chairmanship of Academician was formed MV Kirpicheva. Since 1940 - Head of the Research Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism.

And yet, Boris was a talented writer and the author of many articles and books published in numerous newspapers and magazines Siberian. The talent of the writer he had inherited from his father Peter Weinberg Solzhenitsyn, honorary academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences in belles-lettres, the well-known poet and translator. Of particular interest is his science-fiction essay "Humanity in the year 22300," in which he gave a forecast for the development of life on Earth until the year 22300. A number of publications held his book of memoirs about his teacher, "Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev as a lecturer."

On the last Wednesday of each month at the apartment of Boris Petrovich gathered at the round table writers, poets, journalists, Tomsk and discussing new works, they share their thoughts and impressions. Been there a regular and an aspiring writer Vyacheslav Shishkov, who in a way most of the literature began with living Weinberg, from meetings with a number of cultural workers who were going there.

Sam Boris and his wife died during the siege of Leningrad from hunger. His last work was a scholar constructions consultation ice road across Lake Ladoga.

Two sons had died in the war. Third, the youngest - Vsevolod Borisovich - has become a major scholar in the field of fiber optics, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Laureate of the State Prize, professor. He died in the early seventies and was buried in Leningrad.

Materials prepared for publication Vadim physician.