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Boris Belousov

Picture of Boris Belousov

Date of Birth: 02/19/1893

Age: 77

Place of birth: Moscow

Citizenship: Russia

Background

Born in Moscow into a family of a bank employee, the sixth child in the family. Together with his brothers was soon involved in revolutionary activities, and at the age of 12 years was arrested. His mother was offered a choice: either Siberian exile or emigration. The family ended up in Switzerland, in the Bolshevik colony.

Future scientists had a chance to play chess with Vladimir Lenin. Boris surprised his gamble, that he should defy his opponent in every way, trying to demoralize. This Belousov for revolutionary political activity has ended. In the game he did not come. In Zurich began his fascination with chemistry, but access to education was not because you had to pay for tuition. At the beginning of the First World War, Boris returned to Russia, wanting to volunteer to join the army, but for health reasons he was not taken.

Belousov went to work in the chemical laboratory of metallurgical plant Goujon (now the plant "Hammer and Sickle"). Laboratory led the ideological V.N.Ipatev that determined the direction of future research scientist: the development of ways to deal with toxic substances, compositions for gas masks.

Becoming a military chemist, Belousov in 1923 on the recommendation of academician P.P.Lazareva teaches chemistry commanders of the Red Army at the Higher Military-Chemical School of the Red Army (Red Army, 1918-1946), he taught a course on general and special chemistry in school improvement team of the Red Army. In 1933, Belousov - Senior Lecturer of the Red Banner Military Academy of Chemical Defence SK Timoshenko name.

The specificity of scientific activities Belousov was such that none of his scientific works nowhere and was not published. Academician A.N.Terenin called Belousov outstanding chemist. In its revocation, written in connection with the award of Belousov doctoral degree without defending a thesis, it is noted that "B.P.Belousovym launched a completely new direction for gas analysis, which consists in changing the color of the film gels in sorption of active gases. The task was to create a specific and universal indicators of harmful gaseous compounds with the discovery of them in extremely small concentrations. this problem has been brilliantly done ... it has developed a number of optical devices to automatically or semi-automatically perform a qualitative analysis of harmful gases in the air ... in this group of works B.P.Belousov proved as a scientist, putting in a new problem and solve it completely original way. in addition to these studies B.P.Belousovu owns a number of equally original and interesting scientific works, which leave no doubt that he certainly deserves the award of the degree of doctor of Science without defending a thesis. " The sensitive nature of Boris Pavlovich appeared here, he "did not want any of diplomas".

Nevertheless, the military chemist Belousov was awarded the rank of brigade commander, the equivalent rank of Major General. However, in 1935, he goes to the long-term leave, and in 1938 resigned. This may be due to the fact that he Belousov was not injured during the mass repression of 1937-1938. However, the loss of many friends and colleagues left an indelible mark on his character. It is not known the exact name of the private medical school, where he worked in the years to Belousov. But, according to his colleagues, he had a remarkable discoveries in the area of ??drugs that reduce the effect of radiation, he was appreciated not having yet higher education, a scientist in charge of the lab and on the written order of Joseph Stalin received a salary of Doctor of Science.

After analyzing the cyclic reaction, discovered in the postwar years, biochemists, Belousov decided to carry out a chemical analogue of biological cycles. Exploring the oxidation of citric acid by bromate in the presence of a catalyst, he discovered the reactants concentration fluctuations - so the vibrational response was opened. In 1951 and 1955 Belousov attempts to publish his findings in the journal "Kinetics and Catalysis" and "Journal of General Chemistry". "Reviews in his article were categorically negative and, as it turned out, just as categorically wrong. That is known so affected the scientist, he just threw a laboratory reaction recipe and forgot about it.

A few years later, when biochemists interested in open Belousov reaction, he had to look for the source components and their proportions by brute force. We can say that the discovery was made Belousov twice - the first time by chance, second time as a result of the search system. But to actively participate in the work of the scientific team, he is no longer wanted. All that was colleagues, is to persuade the Belousov try again to publish your article. As a result, the only scientist lifetime publication appeared in the "Collection of abstracts on radiation medicine" for 1958

But when it is recognized and the international scientific community has called an oscillating reaction called the Belousov-Jabotinsky, attempts to bring the retired brigade commander to it for further study were unsuccessful. Those who knew him in recent years, have argued that creative activity Belousov remained very high. He left the Institute, shortly before his death - June 12, 1970 was 10 years before the award of the Lenin Prize Belousov.