Date of Birth: 04/03/1931
Place of birth: Leningrad
He graduated from the historical faculty of Leningrad State University in 1953, graduate of Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute. Candidate of Historical Sciences (1961; dissertation topic "England and Russia in Persia, on the eve of the Anglo-Russian Agreement of 1907"). Doctor of Historical Sciences (1970; as a doctoral dissertation presented the book "Russian and international capital biennium 1897-1914 (Studies in the History of financial relations).").
The student of Professor BA Romanov. He worked as a junior researcher at the Museum of the Revolution. Since 1956 - the Leningrad branch of the Institute of History of the USSR (now - St. Petersburg Institute of History of Sciences): junior researcher, senior researcher, leading researcher, 1991 - Chief Scientific Officer. A specialist in the field of economic and political history of Russia and the history of international relations. Co-author and editor of the St. Petersburg historians capital work "Power and reform. From autocratic to Soviet Russia ", based on a solid documentary basis. For more than three decades, he was a professor at the Faculty of History of Leningrad (now - St. Petersburg) University.
With his participation, he published the first volume of memoirs Witte (1960) conducted a multi-volume edition of the publication "1928-1933 academic matter. Materials and documents ", and published" Diary "of the former Minister of Education Ivan Tolstoy (1998). Co-director of the international project for the production of academic publication of memoirs Witte (out of print in 2003) - in the framework of this project and shorthand manuscript of the memoirs published separately, independently of the repetition of some scenes. Researcher The result is the ability to compare different options memoirist presentation of the same events.
One of the first turned to the study of private enterprise in the history of Russia and published a book on the topic "banking house in Russia. 1860-1914 gg. ", Which was released a second edition in 2006. He participated in several international projects in the history of banking and economic relations.
"Historical Records" Executive Editor of the Department of Historical and Philological Sciences. Winner of the Russian President`s grant for support of leading scientific schools (among his students - professors and teachers of Russian, American, Japanese, Korean universities, educational institutions in other countries and colleagues at St. Petersburg Institute of History of RAS). In 2000 the decision of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences awarded him the Prize. VOKljuchevskogo for the monograph "S. Witte and his time. "
Russian and international capital. 1897-1914. Essays on the history of financial relations. L., 1970;
The Russian autocracy and the export of capital. 1895-1914. (According to the Accounting and Loan Bank of Persia). L., 1975;
The crisis of the autocracy in Russia. 1895-1917, L., 1984 (co-author).
Banking house in Russia. 1860-1914 gg .: Essays on the history of private enterprise. L., 1991 (2nd edition - Moscow, 2006).
Power and reform. From autocratic to Soviet Russia. St. Petersburg, 1996 (co-author and executive editor).
Witte and his time (1999, co-authored with R. Sh Ganelin).
Credit and banks in Russia before the beginning of the twentieth century: St. Petersburg and Moscow. (2005, project manager).