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Benazir Bhutto

Picture of Benazir Bhutto

Date of Birth: 06/21/1953

Age: 54

Place of Birth: Karachi

Citizenship: Pakistan

Background

The Prime Minister of Pakistan. She was born June 21, 1953 in Karachi and was the first child Nusrat Ispahan, Iranian women by birth, and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, a wealthy landowner, the founder of the PPP and the prime minister of Pakistan from 1973 to July 5, 1977. She graduated from high school in Karachi, continued education in Radkliff- college, Cambridge (Mass., USA), and then in England in lady Margaret college, Oxford University, where he was elected president of the student discussion club "Oxford Union." Author of foreign policy in the long term (Foreign Policy in Perspective, 1970) and an autobiography Daughter of the East (Daughter of the East, 1989).

Soon after returning home, her father was arrested on charges of murder and subsequently executed. The brothers were in exile, Benazir, and she and her mother took the leadership of the PPP. In the period from 1977 to 1984, Benazir Bhutto was periodically imprisoned or under house arrest. Since 1984 he lived in England, in 1986, returned to Pakistan.

During the first prime minister Bhutto often traveled outside the country, avoiding a debate in Parliament and took arbitrary and ill-considered decision. Supports its majority in parliament was shaky, the party had control of Punjab, Pakistan`s province with the largest population, the president and commander in chief of the army treated her with hostility. Bhutto did not possess the necessary experience of public administration. It is not surprising that the elections in October 1990, she was defeated and brought to power a military-bureaucratic oligarchy.

After free elections in 1993 again received Bhutto prime minister. The total number of votes received by the PPP, was less than the main rival - the Muslim League, so the formation of Bhutto`s government was forced to enter into a coalition with the conservative-leaning parties.

In November 1993, he returned from exile by her brother, Murtaza Bhutto, who demanded him to give up the party leadership. Their mother, occupied since 1979, after her husband`s execution, along with the co-chairman of the PPP, Benazir post, took the side of his son. Discord in the family of Bhutto`s impact on the unity of the party. Upon arrival in Karachi, Murtaza, was arrested on terrorism charges (he was released on bail in June 1994).

The second study Benazir Bhutto began his work in more favorable conditions. For the Prime Minister stood firm majority in parliament, Bhutto was based on the President - ANP member, she was able to provide support for the military. In September 1996, Murtaza, was killed in a shootout with police. His murder was accused husband Bhutto - Zardari. Later that same year, Bhutto was accused of large-scale corruption and organizing contract killings. PNP suffered a crushing defeat in the parliamentary elections in 1997, received only 17 seats out of 217. Bhutto accused the government of rigging the election results. In early 1998, Bhutto, her husband and mother-officials were charged with corruption, and their accounts in British and Swiss banks were frozen. In a subsequent investigation of these cases has been suspended and the charges against Bhutto lifted.