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Baudouin I

Picture of Baudouin I

Age: 58

Citizenship: Egypt

Background

Baldwin of Boulogne, with his brother Gottfried took part in the First Crusade. However, his main desire, as follows from its action, it is not the liberation of the Holy Sepulchre, and the seizure of land in the East and to obtain their own feud.

Separated from the main army of the Crusaders at the Cilician Gates, Baldwin troops went to Tarsus to the city, hoping to take it by storm, but found the city already occupied by other forces of the Crusader - Tancred. Baldwin suggested Tancredo to plunder the city; he refused, and the soldiers of Baldwin drove a small detachment of Norman power. Baldwin declared himself lord of Tarsus, put there his deputy, and some time later moved south. When Baldwin troops passed Mamistra fortress, which previously occupied the soldiers Tancred, they came under fire - Tancred took revenge for the loss of Tarsus. The protests forced the rank and file campaign Baldwin and Tancred stop the battle, but they were all enemies.

Reunited with the main army at Marash, Baldwin briefly stayed there two days later made an army to conquer the city of Edessa. Thus, Baldwin, who later became king of Jerusalem, took no part in the liberation of the holy city.

Conquest of Edessa

Log in Baldwin Edessu.Pokazano as Armenian clergy meets him at the city gates

Having in possession of 200 knights and about the same number of foot soldiers, Baldwin spoke at Edessa. The Christian population of the surrounding land at first enthusiastically welcomed him, raising revolts and expelling small Muslim garrisons of the fortresses.

Upon learning of the approaching crusaders, the ruler of Edessa, Armenian prince Toros Baldwin called for help against the Muslims, threatened to take the city. He readily responded to the call, and with a small (80 riders) detachment arrived in Edessa, where he was received with enthusiasm. Toros offered Baldwin to become a mercenary in his service, but the European Baron demanded in exchange for protection of Edessa recognized himself the legitimate heir of Toros, and half of all revenues to the city. Toros was forced to concede and Baldwin adopted. Artfully intriguing, Baldwin was able to set up against the new foster father`s urban population, resulting in a significant portion of the citizens began to demand that the crusader took sole reign.

Having suffered defeat on the Muslims, Baldwin retreated back to the city, where, together with the Armenian military commander Constantine conspired to seize power in Edessa. With the support of the urban mobile conspirators overthrew and killed Toros then Baldwin became the sole ruler of Edessa.

board in Edessa

By taking the title of Count of Edessa, Baldwin began to expand the boundaries of their possessions, but soon found himself besieged by the Muslims and almost all of May 1098 was locked in a surrounded by the city. Only after the lifting of the siege, gaining in his army of crusaders who have decided to roll out of the way to Jerusalem, he was able to continue its expansion. At the same time, he began to carry out brutal repression against the local Armenian nobles, solidifying its power by terrorist means.

In 1099 the county of Edessa reached its largest size to include the land on both banks of the Euphrates. This made the possession of Baldwin strategically important and greatly increased his power in the East.

The Board of Jerusalem

Upon the death of his brother, Gottfried, in 1100, Baldwin succeeded him, despite the resistance of the Patriarch of Jerusalem and other Crusader, and was crowned in the Basilica of the Nativity in Bethlehem. Spending all the time in the incessant wars, Baldwin won the foreshore at great cities, thus ensuring his possessions message to western countries (Wed v. G. Siebel in the