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Arthur Wellington

Picture of Arthur Wellington

Date of Birth: 05/01/1769

Age: 83

Place of birth: Dunkankestl

Citizenship: United Kingdom

Background

Wellington Arthur Wellesley was born in Dunkankestle (Ireland), he was educated in Eton and then at the military school of Angers, France. In 1787 he enlisted in the army, in 1794, he took part in the Dutch campaign, and in 1797 went with his regiment in India, where he distinguished himself in the war against TippoSaibom, especially during the storming of Seringapatam (1799). After the capture of the city of Wellington was appointed its governor. A year later he successfully acted against Maratta and forced them to make profitable for England world. In 1806, on his return to Europe, Wellington was elected to the City of New Port (on the o-ve White) deputy in the lower house; in 1807. B. participated in the expedition against Copenhagen, and in July 1808 sent to Portugal, there took command of the British troops, and, after several successful dels French troops completely defeated Marshal Junot at Vimieyre. Then he returned to England, but in April 1809 once again came to Portugal where, having made a bold move with the allied forces across the river. Duro (May 11), took the city of Oporto Marshal Soult and forced to retreat. 1810 was marked by the case at Buzako, defense Torres Vedrasskoy ukrepdennoy position Almeida siege and capture of Ciudad Rodrigo, with Wellington`s actions were always successful. Spanish Cortes made him a marquis Vedrasskim Torres, a Spanish grandee and the Duke of Ciudad Rodrigskim and Prince Regent elevated him to the rank of Count. In 1812, Wellington took Badajoz, defeated Marshal Marmont at Salamanca and entered into Madrid. After an unsuccessful attack in Burgos Wellington retreated into Portugal, but when in 1813 the French part voyskvystupila from Spain, he again took Madrid and 21 June won a brilliant victory at Vittoria. During this battle, to liberate Spain from the French, Wellington was promoted to field marshal. In October 1813 Wellington came to France, won several victories over Marshal Soult and took Toulouse, where he learned about the conclusion of peace in Paris. For his feats Wellington was generously awarded by the British Government: Prince Regent granted him the title of Duke, and the parliament has appointed 300 thousand pounds for the purchase of the estate.. Upon return of Napoleon from the island of Elba, Wellington took command of the allied Anglo-Dutch army together with Blucher won a decisive victory at Waterloo, after which invaded France and occupied Paris. At the conclusion of the 2nd Peace of Paris, he was made chief commander of allied forces in France and stayed there until the end of the occupation. In 1818 and 1822. he participated in Aachen and the Congress of Verona; in 1826 he was sent to Russia, for the congratulations of the Emperor Nicholas I from the ascension to the throne; in 1828, becoming prime minister. The impression made by the French July Revolution, and accession to the English throne, William IV entailed, in November 1830, Wellington`s resignation. However, Wellington retained the seat in chief the troops, along with the post of the governor of the Tower, Lord Privy five harbors and Oxford University Chancellor and remained influential statesman until his death.

Wellington died September 14, 1852. His body was interred with royal honors at St Paul`s Cathedral in London.