Date of Birth: 04/29/1921
Born into a family of large metallurgical engineer, who died in the 30 in custody. In 1938 he entered the philosophical faculty of the institute. Member of the Great Patriotic War. First platoon commander (after the Infantry School), then there was a front-line translator regimental headquarters. At the front, he was seriously wounded. He graduated from the Philosophy Faculty of Moscow State University (1945). From 1956 he worked in the IF of the USSR. Author of introductory articles and editions of Soviet editions of Kant, Hegel, Schelling, Goethe, Herder, N. Fedorov, Vladimir. Soloviev, PA Florensky, Rozanov, Nikolai Karamzin, A. Bolotov. Describing the last years of his life`s own philosophical views, Guliga argued that the basis of their concept is developed interpretation of the current stage of cultural development as the postmodernity ( "postmodern"). This means that culture today is only possible as the development of tradition. Philosophy, he says, can only exist as the history of philosophy as a clarification, dissemination and implementation of the world`s wisdom. This distinguished 3 planaissledovany and promotion. The first plan - the personal, the penetration in the individual-the unique world of the creator. Philosophy appears here as a confession and at the same time as unavailable to others. Reserved the mystery of which we can only guess. But guess Guliga considers possible and necessary: ??it is the only way to penetrate into the sphere of the birth of ideas. Hence the intense interest in his philosophical biography of a particular genre, where research funds are intertwined with art, which opens up new possibilities for the development of the world`s wisdom.
For our time, Guliga emphasizes, are of particular importance 2 takeoff philosophical thought - the German classics and the "Russian Renaissance". In support of this position, he cites the following reasons. Germans thoroughly investigated Kantian philosophy basic question - what is man, rediscovered dialectic and deepened her understanding. Based on this dialectic, Russian answer to the question, what will happen to a person in the future. "Russian idea - the idea of ??the unification of mankind cathedral. Salvation is not to rely on violence communist collectivism and not in the bourgeois individualism, recognize only the formal right, and in the high community built on the dialectical unity of the general and individual. Only in this way can the victory over death, the emergence of "superman", equal to God. According Guliga understanding of God as the ideal target and causes can unite believers and non-believers, provided the latter are willing to accept Christianity as a moral norm. Two other aspects of the values ??of religion today Guliga - axiological (relics preservation) and the national grouting:. United humanity - a family of equal national organism and not a conglomeration of individuals and business groups. The third plan philosophical studies - systematic. The philosophy of the eternal wisdom, found the combined development of the culture of all times and nations. This is the ancient trinity - truth, goodness, beauty. Attention Guliga takes aesthetics as the doctrine of beauty. concept developed by him are characterized as follows. Extremely broad aesthetic concept - the perfect, all other aesthetic categories imply its specification. Because the beauty - the "middle term" between truth and good, there are a number of categories 2 - existential (the sublime, the tragic, the comic, dramatic), and cognitive (typical, authentic, fantastic, heuristic). The same is true in art: art concrete occupies an intermediate position between the specific logical and sensible. 2 From her face, one turned to the concept, etc. -. To a single image. 2 And the possibility of artistic generalization, for Guliga terminology - typing and typology. He emphasized that the two methods of constructing an image in art was known to the Germans as early as the VIII. (Lessing, Schiller, Goethe, Hegel); at the same time there was a discussion, remain unknown to historians. Guliga described her as an example of the history of aesthetics can be fruitful for her theory.