Date of Birth: 01/20/1943
Place of birth: Nampula
Armando Emilio Guebuza (Armando Emilio Guebuza) was born in Murrupule, in northern Mozambique, in 1943.
At the age of twenty years, Mr. Guebuza joined Frelimo, the party that fought for independence by armed Mozambique from Portugal. He actively participated in the guerrilla movement, also fought in Zambia and Tanzania.
After the victory won in 1975, Armando Guebuza, has promoted to general, he was one of the leaders of Frelimo, a member of its Politburo and Minister of the Interior.
On the post of Minister of Internal Affairs Mr. Armando Guebuza remembered quite remarkable and equally sad order of the numbered 24/20, according to which some reside in the territory of Mozambique Portuguese ought to within 24 hours to leave the country, taking with him no more than 20 kg of luggage.
In the 1980s, Mr. Guebuza worked in the government of President Samora Machel as Minister of Security and Transportation.
He was also responsible for the implementation of a controversial political and humanitarian points of view of the program of resettlement of urban residents unemployed people in remote rural areas of the north.
After the death of the first president of Mozambique Samora Machel in a plane crash in South Africa in 1986, Mr. Armando Guebuza became one of the ten members of the board, temporarily replacing the President. Commission to investigate the causes of the disaster, the chairman of which he was, and did not reveal the true picture of what happened.
After the collapse of communism in the late 1980s, Mr. Guebuza actively supported the policies of President Joaquim Chissano to promote the market economy in the country.
Armando Guebuza has actively participated in the privatization. There is the view that it was in those years, many high political figures Mozambique have become quite successful businessmen.
In 1992, Mr. Armando Guebuza arrived as part of Frelimo delegation to the Rome peace talks that ended the sixteen civil war in Mozambique, and created favorable political conditions for the holding of the first multiparty elections in the country.
During the transition to a multiparty system, the Government of Mozambique Guebuza represented in the Joint Committee on the joint monitoring and verification.
In 2002, Mr. Guebuza was elected general secretary of the Frelimo Party and a candidate from the party president.
In 2004, Mr. Armando Guebuza won the presidential race, winning 63% of electoral votes.
And though, in the opinion of the world community, the presidential elections in Mozambique were not free, Mr. Armando Guebuza was sworn in as president of the February 2, 2005.