Arkadiy Garting

Picture of Arkadiy Garting

Date of Birth: 10/20/1861

Age: 51

Place of Birth: Pinsk

Citizenship: Russia


After graduating as an external student in the gymnasium of Tver in August 1882 he entered the natural sciences department of physics and mathematics faculty of St. Petersburg University, but less than a month later, in September, leaving the university and moved to Warsaw, but soon returned to the northern capital. Researchers biography Gekkelmana-Harting have questioned found in the literature of his training at the St. Petersburg Mining Institute and the Riga Polytechnic. In St. Petersburg Gekkelman was recruited by an inspector of the St. Petersburg Police Department Lt. Col. Special Corps of Gendarmes GP Sudeikin, in which task the revolutionaries helped publish an underground newspaper "Narodnaya Volya" in Dorpat (Tartu). In March 1883 Gekkelman was officially admitted to the agents of the Police Department.

After police disclosure of illegal printing of the People and arrests in January 1885 Gekkelman went to Switzerland, where, under the name A. landesite studies at the Zurich Polytechnic, together with other revolutionary-minded students from Russia.

The murder of the People in December 1883 on a safe house Sudeikin policeman, too trusting his best agent Sergey Degayev, play a double game, did not prevent Gekkelmana career. And although he did not trust the audited Overseas agents in 1885 Secretary of the director (and future director) Department of Police Sergey E. Zvolyansky, Gekkelmana-landesite throughout his career, strongly supported the Head of the Overseas agents Petro Raczkowski,

The young agent of the secret police was well acquainted with the famous revolutionary emigrants PL Lavrov, LA Tikhomirov, the future academician-biochemist AN Bach and others. With them he met (and reported on this Rachkovsky) in Zurich and Paris, where from 1887 he studied at the Agricultural Institute. Despite the fact that even then Gekkelmana-landesite accused of provocative activities of the joint venture. Degayev (in 1883 .. before his departure for the United States) and the famous in the future, "hunter provocateurs" VL Burtsev, revolutionary emigres maintained confidence in Aaron arcade. And he not only managed to become his own man in the group of immigrants (Nakashidze Prince, IN Kashincev, AL Teplov, BI Reinstein et al.), But also to convince them to go to Russia and to kill Alexander III by a shells and bombs made in Paris. The idea was developed to assassinate a ruler and a teacher-Gekkelmana landesite Peter Ivanovich Rachkovskiy. Regicide was to be timely prevented, then to be followed by the French authorities against the repression of the Russian emigration. On the instructions of Raczkowski autumn and winter 1889-1890 gg. Landesite (under Miller`s name) visited St. Petersburg, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Kharkov and Kiev, where, posing as an emissary of the Parisian center of emigration, tried to provoke the local clubs have defeated the whole "Narodnaya Volya" to commit terrorist acts. Note here that the accused anti-Soviet emigres and foreign researchers in the KGB provocation (example is usually the operation the "Trust") did not resort to such methods, but rather restrained terrorist activities of white emigration. Provocation landesite failed, and in January 1890 he returned to Paris. At the end of May 1890 on the proposal landesite it was decided to test the bomb in a suburb of Paris. But the explosion did not take place. The four "suicide" with a suitcase of explosives were arrested by French police. In the summer of the same year, a Paris court sentenced I.N Kashintseva, ED Stepanova, AL Teplova, BI Reinstein, Nakashidze and Lavreniusa to three years in prison, landesite left for Russia - in absentia to five years.

Successfully completed assignment of the secret police brought Gekkelmanu-Landezenu the status of honorary citizen with the right to stay widespread throughout the Russian Empire and the pension of 1000 rubles a year. In 1893, he was baptized in the Orthodox Church in the German city of Wiesbaden (vospreemnikami been secretary of the Russian Embassy in Berlin, the future Minister of Foreign Affairs Count MN Ants and wife of Senator Mansurov) and became known as Arkady Mikhailovich. In 1896 he changed his name to Harting.

Living permanently in Belgium, Gekkelman-Harting continued cooperation with foreign agents, leaving on missions to ensure security "monarchs" in Coburg-Gotha (an engagement heir to the throne of Grand Duke Nicholas Alexandrovich, 1893), in Denmark, Sweden and Norway (for the visit Alexander III of, in 1894, for which he was awarded the Order of the Danish Daneborg) to Nice (where treated the Grand Duke George Alexandrovich, 1896), accompanied by the new Emperor Nicholas II in his visit to Germany, France and England. Soon joined by the Danish Order of the Prussian - Austrian eagle and Red Cross "For Merit".

In 1900, Harting, living under the guise of a Russian merchant, led as head of the newly established (with the consent of the German government) agency of the Berlin Police Department, with the rank of titular counselor. In Berlin, Harting, establish a good working relationship with the leadership of the Berlin police, successfully covered the activities of Russian political emigration (SRs, Cadets and the Social-Democrats).

Since July 1904, during the Russian-Japanese War, AM Harting in Copenhagen on a mission director of the Police Department A. Lopuchin security passing through the Baltic and North Seas is sent to the Far East Second Pacific squadron of the Russian fleet. Harting action area includes the coast of Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Germany. Harting using Russian vice-consul in the coastal cities` organized over 80 "guard" or "observation" items, which employed up to 100 local residents, has established close links with a number of Swedish steamship and insurance companies, 9 of vessels that have been they are chartered to mid-August to mid-October 1904 to cruise in the Danish and Swedish-Norwegian waters. At the time of passage of the 2nd squadron of the number of ships has been increased to 12, and Harting had the opportunity to continuously monitor the movement of vessels ... it greatly simplifies the task of Harting support, which he with the help of employees of the Russian Embassy managed to secure a number of Danish ministries. As a result, officials of the Navy Department informed him about all suspicious ships seen in the sea from the Danish beacons, police authorities were instructed the Ministry of Justice to promote the Russian agents, and the Foreign Ministry and the Ministry of Finance at the request of Harting pay customs attention to the need osobobditelnogo screening arriving from abroad cargo and seizure of explosives (it was expected that the Japanese will try to follow the path of undermining the Russian squadron) ... The worst fears confirmed appearance in the Baltic straits destroyers unmarked repeatedly recorded by observers Harting and unexpected arrival there in September, the Japanese naval attache in Berlin captain Takigawa and a group of his "employees" -nemtsev (one night from Cape Skagen secretly filed signals in the sea). However, Takigawa and his associates were immediately taken under the supervision of, the Danish authorities soon arrested and expelled from the country ...

In its report on the organization of the protection of the route of the 2nd Pacific squadron in the Danish and Swedish-Norwegian waters, as well as on the northern coast of Germany Harting he wrote:

"Upon arrival, July 2, 1904 in Copenhagen immediately began to study the geographical and ethnographical situation of the countries in which there ought to lead me to the proposed organization of agents, while drawing attention to existing mood in Russia the local population, especially the governing spheres. By comparing the features were due to my oversight localities revealed that the most central point for the management of the organization is Copenhagen. With constant and relentless care not to commit kakih-libo careless actions that could cause a violation of the neutrality of Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Germany, as well as bearing in mind that in dealing with the largest coastal population are not police authorities, and the elements involved in maritime trade, I made every effort to gain their trust and convince to participate in the protection of our fleet, despite the fact that the envoys in Copenhagen and Stockholm did not allow the thought that with the current mood of public opinion in Denmark, Sweden and Norway are unlikely to find people willing to to assist in my case. "

In another report Harting wrote:

"Almost all the stewards points live on the coast and are closely connected with everything happening in the waters of the region. Security made them not only in the places where they live, but also on the entire space between the paragraphs. Such close monitoring had the result that none of the appearance of the Japanese in the assigned areas, each of them did not pass unnoticed, and I could immediately take the necessary measures in a timely manner. "

As a result, (not counting the "Dogger Bank incident," Russian warships shelling the British fishing vessels, mistakenly taken for the Japanese, however, some researchers, such as DB Pavlov believed that the ships actually belonged to the fleet of Japan), the task has been successfully accomplished Harting, and November 10, 1904 the director of the police Department A. Lopuhin informed in the Ministry of Marine Management that "collegiate counselor Harting said his trip completed and the application for leave to dissolve their organization and go to a place of ministry in Berlin. The Interior Ministry recognizes the desirability of prompt return of Mr. Harting to their duties, and, in addition, the organization is relatively expensive maintenance costs. " In response to a letter Lopuchin Admiral AA Virenius said that "the management of the Ministry of the Sea allows the organization to disband protection in Danish waters and no obstacles to the return of Mr. Harting to the place of his ministry." Harting The work was highly marked. In a special letter to the director of the Police Department Vireniusu AA Lopuhin especially appreciated the merits of Harting in the organization of intelligence operations for the route protection 2nd Pacific squadron and said that he was "a complete success played entrusted to him a matter of national importance, and, moreover, at a relatively minor cost ... Despite the complexity of the new cases, the collegiate counselor Harting did not interrupt his search for the political activity. "

Harting left for Berlin, transferring some of its agents Russian military attache in Denmark, Colonel AM Alekseev. "For the successful implementation of the protection and economical route of the Second Pacific Squadron in the Far East," Harting was awarded the Order of Vladimir of IV degree (however, had other opinions-some Russian naval officers and modern historians consider the number of its agents and conducted operations overpriced).

But the merits have not saved Harting from the post losses. On his return to Berlin, he came into conflict with Raczkowski successor as head Overseas agents LA Rataev, as a result of the abolition of the Berlin dobivshegosya agency as an independent institution in January 1905. Harting was appointed clerk of the De partment police.

But soon after the appointment of Raczkowski mate direkgora DP for political affairs (with the director of the rights), in July of the same revolution of 1905, was restored Berlin agents led by Harting, which soon is expected to increase and move to Paris. August 1, 1905 following the resignation of LA The head of the Foreign Rataev agents was appointed Harting (formally including Senior Assistant Clerk of the Police Department, and since 1907 an official for special assignments for the Ministry of Internal Affairs), soon produced in the collegiate, and in 1907 in the state councilor.

In the summer of 1909 the famous "hunter provocateurs" VL Burtsev, who knew Gekkelmana-landesite-Harting from the 1880s. and even then suspected him of an agent provocateur, exposed in the French newspapers Russian official Harting, proving his identity with Lande-zenom (which, we recall, a Paris court in 1890 sentenced him to 5 years in prison), based on the data reported by a former official of the Department of Police L. Menshchikova. This led to a scandalous request, the leader of the French Socialist Jean Jaures in parliament, followed by Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau, previously unofficially confirmed Zhores that Harting and landesite - one person, called the Russian charge d`affaires Neklyudova and showed him a picture landesite and documents proving his identity with Harting. Following this, Clemenceau made an official statement "on the inadmissibility in future any activity of the secret police of the foreign states in the territory of the French Republic."

Harting left Paris and was retired with a pension and the production in the actual state councilor. In 1911 he received the hereditary nobility. During the 1 st World War, cooperated with the Russian counterintelligence in Belgium and France. After 1917 he lived in Belgium, doing banking. Recent data on it are by 1935. Whether he lived until 1940, and survived the German occupation of Belgium there - it is unknown.