Apollinariy Butenev

Picture of Apollinariy Butenev

Date of Birth: 07/16/1787

Age: 78

Place of birth: Kaluga Province

Citizenship: Russia


His father, a poor landowner Kaluga province, he could not give him an education; Butenev received a superficial education at home in the family of a rich neighbor-landlord Af. Nick. Goncharova. In 1802, he moved to St. Petersburg, where he lived, in expectation of career, in the house of Prince NI Field Marshal Saltykov. In 1804 he enrolled at the College of Foreign Affairs, that "in the translation office of the" available Polenov; Soon afterwards he became Secretary to the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the column A. Saltykov, and in 1810, at the request of the latter, was moved to a ministerial office. In 1812, at the request of the same Saltykov, Apollinaris Petrovich was taken in the diplomatic office of the Chief of the Prince Bagration, which was to the Battle of Borodino. Feat slowly forward in the diplomatic field, butene in 1830, he was appointed Ambassador and Minister Plenipotentiary to Constantinople, where he successfully acted against the French diplomacy during the Polish uprising of 1831; in 1832 he led Porto to turn to Russia for help in the war with Turkey Megemetom Ali pashoyu Egyptian, and in 1833 was signed in Hunkyar-Skelessi (Unkiar-Skelessi) famous treatise, which were locked to the Dardanelles passage of foreign vessels. In Constantinople Butenev he stayed until 1842, and from 1843 he was ambassador to Rome, where, in spite of the strained relations of the St. Petersburg court to Roman, was able to inspire the confidence of the two Popes, Gregory XVI and Pius the IX, and conclude in 1847 , together with the Count Bludov, concordat. During the Roman revolution, butene was constantly at Pius IX in Gaeta, even in the most critical minutyrevolyutsionnogo excitation. After the Crimean War Butenev was again appointed ambassador to Constantinople, where he had a difficult task to restore the good relations between Russia and Turkey; but in 1858 he returned to Russia. Frustrated health Buteneva forced to turn to foreign doctors. Butenev died in Paris in the summer of 1866 Lamartine, in his "Impressions de vojage en Orient", makes it such a review: "Homme charmant et moral, philosophe et homme d`Etat". - His "Memoirs," published in "Russian Archives" in 1881