Antun Vrancic

Picture of Antun Vrancic

Date of Birth: 05/29/1504

Age: 69

Birth Place: Sibenik

Citizenship: Hungary


Antun Vrancic was born in Dalmatia, Sibenik, which in the XVI century was part of the Venetian Republic. According to some reports Vrancic family moved to Sibenik from the territory of modern Bosnia and Herzegovina to escape the Turkish invasion [1]. Vrancic were related with some notable Croat houses, in particular their relative was Petar Berislavich, ban of Croatia in the 1513-1520 years, who participated in the formation and fate of the young Antun. After training in Padua, Vienna and Krakow Vrancic 26-year-old entered the diplomatic service of the King of Hungary Janos Zapolyai, after his death served as Queen Regent Isabella Jagiellon. With diplomatic missions visited Poland, Italy, France, England; on the instructions of Emperor Ferdinand I and Maximilian II twice I traveled to Istanbul in 1553 and 1567, respectively. The purpose of both trips was the preparation of a peace treaty between the power of the Habsburg and the Ottoman Empire.

In parallel, developed and church Vrancic career, in 1554 he was ordained and became a bishop vepiskopy Pec, in 1560 he became chair of Eger, and in 1569 reached the highest post in the Hungarian Church hierarchy, becoming archbishop of Esztergom and Primate of Hungary. In 1573, Pope Gregory XIII appointed Vrancic Cardinal, but he died a few days after his appointment. He was buried in the church of St. Nicholas in Trnava.


Vrancic was one of the most educated men of his time, had a variety of languages, including Turkish, was in correspondence with Erasmus and Philip Melanchthon. He translated from Turkish to Turkish Latin anonymous chronicle of the times Bayezid II. Own Vrancic historical works devoted to the Hungarian-Turkish relations and the fight against Janos Zapolyai Ferdinand Habsburg. It preserved about 4,000 letters Vrancic, who are an important source for the history of the XVI century. Vrancic - author of a number of lyrical poems and philosophical treatises. He wrote in Latin. His collected works in 12 volumes was published by the Hungarian Academy.