Date of Birth: 11/25/1842
Place of birth: Lecco
Antonio Ghislanzoni was born November 25, 1824 in Lecco, Lombardy (Lecco, Lombardy). For a time he studied at the seminary - this real father Antonio, who had hoped that the iron discipline of the institution will benefit from his son-freethinker - but was expelled in 1841 for bad behavior, or rather of disrespect against the church. Then he graduated from high school in Pavia (Pavia) and decided to study medicine, but he refused, and on this discipline in favor of singing career - at the Ghislanzoni had a beautiful baritone voice - and his literary interests.
In 1846, he even became a leading baritone theater in Lodi (Lodi). In 1848, inspired by the ideas of nationalist politician and writer Giuseppe Mazzini (Giuseppe Mazzini), Ghislanzoni founded in Milan (Milan) several national newspapers, but in the end, emuprishlos because of their political views to seek asylum in Switzerland (Switzerland). When Ghislanzoni took a trip to Rome (Rome), where a young journalist intended to help the birth of the Republic, but was arrested by the French authorities and for a time exiled in Corsica (Corsica).
In the mid-1850s, leaving the scene and policies for the literary career, Antonio Ghislanzoni rather abruptly changed the direction of their professional activities. He gained fame in the bohemian circles of Milan as an active music journalist, director of the `Italia musicale` and editor of` Gazzetta musicale di Milano`. His first article he published in the Milan magazine `Cosmorama Pittorico`, and it is Ghislanzoni published his first novel,` Artists teatra` (Gli artisti da teatro, 1865), based on their own adventures. In addition, in 1857, Ghislanzoni became the founder of the humor magazine `L`uomo di pietra`, which collaborated with, for example, Arrigo Boito (Arrigo Boito).
By 1869 Ghislanzoni left the music journalism and returned to his native Lombardy, where he devoted his days literature and composing the libretto for the opera. He wrote a lot of stories in poetry and several novels, including `Un suicidio a fior d`acqua` (1864),` Angioli nelle tenebre` (1865), `La contessa di Karolystria` (1883),` Abracadabra and Storia dell` avvenire` (1884). Novel `Artists teatra` narrating, as the name implies, a theatrical life, and reprinted in the 20th century. In addition, Ghislanzoni published musical essays, the most significant of which is considered `Reminiscenze artistiche`.
During his life Ghislanzoni wrote the libretto of about 85, including, for the opera `Edmeya` (Edmea) Alfredo Catalani (Alfredo Catalani); `Aida`; `Foska` (Fosca), and` Roza` Salvatore (Salvator Rosa) composer Antonio Carlos Gomes (Ant & # 244; nio Carlos Gomes), the founder of Brazilian opera, whose works were very popular at that time in Europe (Europe); as well as the `Litovtsam` (I Lituani) Amilcare Ponchielli (Amilcare Ponchielli). He also added a few poems to the revised translation into Italian of Verdi`s` Don Karlosa` (Don Carlos).
The last years of his life, Antonio Ghislanzoni spent in Caprino Bergamasco (Caprino Bergamasco), Lombard commune in the far north of Italy (Italy), near Bergamo (Bergamo), and died on 16 July 1893 at the age of 69 years. He was an atheist.
In Lecco still living his descendants.