Antoinette Brown Blackwell
Date of Birth: 05/20/1825
Place of birth: Henrietta
Citizenship: United States
Antonietta Louise Brown (Antoinette Louisa Brown), later - Antonietta Brown Blackwell (Antoinette Brown Blackwell), was born in 1825 in the town of Henrietta, New York (Henrietta, New York). She was the daughter of Joseph Brown and Abby Morse (Joseph Brown and Abby Morse). Since childhood, Antonietta was an exemplary parishioner in the local church, well-studied, and after graduating from the Academy in Monroe County (Monroe County Academy), she began teaching at the school itself. By the way, the young teacher was then only 16 years old. However, it proved to be too serious work for a teenager, and Brown continued his studies at Oberlin College (Oberlin College) in Ohio (Ohio). By the way, then she got a lot of support from her parents, who were ardent supporters of women`s equality in education. In college, she attended a literary rate set for female students and the subsequent holiday she spent, having been engaged in teaching and learning Hebrew and Greek. When he returned, Brown filed a petition for admission to the theological course, and after a few restrictions administration was forced to concede. Later, she became a great orator and a writer seriously. With regard to its theological works, they later attributed to the so-called `feminist teologii`.
So, listening to the course, but has not received a formal ordination, Brown has switched to the protection of women`s rights. She spoke at the first National Congress of the Women`s Rights (National Women`s Rights Convention), and its performance was the beginning of the whole tour, during which Brown read a lot of lectures, including the rights of women.
In the end, she was allowed to preach, and in 1852 she received the nd place rector of the Congregational Church in South Butler, New York (South Butler, New York). So, Brown became the first woman to be ordained as a minister, in other words, she was the first woman preacher in the United States. By the way, it was then that Antonietta found his ardent supporter, passionate and active supporter of the struggle for women`s rights vvoprosah theological education and leadership, Lee Luther (Luther Lee). Lee Brown actively promoted as a preacher, but only one support Lee was still not enough to believe in the new congregation, a woman preacher.
So, having failed, Brown returned to his oratorical and reform efforts. In the same period, she married Samuel C. Blackwell (Samuel C. Blackwell).
Brown Blackwell has actively taken up the rights of women, continuing to stand on the fact that only a competent teaching theology can stop the oppression of women. It is noteworthy that before meeting her future husband, Antonietta was firmly convinced that only a single and unmarried woman can be independent for real, but this belief is somewhat weakened, soon turning towards marriage. Subsequently, Antonietta and Samuel had seven children, but two of them did not survive infancy.
After becoming a mother and mistress of a large family, Brown Blackwell somewhat reduced its public appearances, great- est focused on writing. It has become the order of the author of eight books, among them a novel and a collection of poems.
In 1860 Brown was again very much involved in the work of women`s rights, and she and Lucy Stone (Lucy Stone) organized by the American Association of women suffragettes (American Woman Suffrage Association).
At the end of 1870 Brown again turned to religion and was recognized as a minister.
In 1920, at age 95, she was a party to the Convention on the Rights of Women in Worcester, Massachusetts (Worcester, Massachusetts), when it adopted the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which gave women the right to vote. By the way, she voted for Brown, Warren G. Harding (Warren G. Harding) in the presidential election.
Antoinette Brown Blackwell, died at the age of 96 years, Elizabeth, New Jersey (Elizabeth, New Jersey).
In 1989, the house where Antoinette spent her childhood, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places (National Register of Historic Places).