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Aneurin Bevan

Picture of Aneurin Bevan

Date of Birth: 11/15/1897

Age: 62

Place of birth: Tredegar

Citizenship: United Kingdom

Background

Born in a family miner. At an early age became active in the local branch of the miners` union, in 1919, was sent to the Central Labour College London, funded by the trade unions. In the mid 20`s he was unemployed for a while; later re-joined the miners` union and participated in the mass strikes. In the elections of 1929 he was elected to the House of Commons by Ebba Vale (en) as the Labour candidate.

In Parliament, Bevan soon attracted attention as a defender of the interests of workers, criticizing both conservatives and liberals and Ramsay MacDonald of its own party. For this, he was very popular in his district, was re-elected to a disaster for the Labour election in 1931 and re-elected until his death. In 30th Beavan actively supported the idea of ??creating a unified socialist party in the UK, for which in 1939 was even briefly expelled from the Labour Party. Beavan also spoke in support of the Republicans in Spain during the Civil War and criticized the policy of appeasement of Neville Chamberlain.

During the Second World War, Bevan was one of the few opponents of the existence of a national unity government and restrictions on civil rights and freedoms, and supports the early opening of the Second Front.

After the victory of the Labour Party in the 1945 election, Clement Attlee, Bevan suggested the post of Minister of Health. In this position, Bevan initiated the creation of the National Health System (en), which became one of the biggest achievements of the Labor Party, along with a broad nationalization. January 17, 1951 Bevan was appointed Minister of Labour. Soon, however, the Korean War [source not specified 998 days], and the government has increased defense costs to the detriment of free health care, which resulted in the resignation of several ministers on April 22, including Bevan and the future Prime Minister Harold Wilson.

In the elections of 1951 the Labor Party defeated and went into opposition. In 1955, he retired Labour leader Clement Attlee. After his resignation, the election of a new head of the party, which, however, won the representative of the right wing of the party, Hugh Gaitskell. All this time, Bevan was the ideological leader of the left wing of the party; his supporters sometimes called bivenistami. Beavan was also a supporter of the idea of ??unilateral nuclear disarmament.

In 1959, already seriously ill Bevan was appointed head of the Labor faction in the House of Commons. He died in 1960 from cancer.