Andrey Vyazigin

Picture of Andrey Vyazigin

Date of Birth: 10/15/1867

Age: 51

Citizenship: Russia


Noble was born on the family estate. Wife - Tatiana; in a family of AS and TI Vyaziginyh had two children.

He graduated from the Kharkov school, historical-philological faculty of Kharkov University (1891; was awarded a gold medal for his work on "Henry IV Fighting Gregory VII until the election of Rudolf of Swabia (By source)"). He was left at the university to prepare for a professorship. Master of History (1898; thesis: "Sketches from the history of the papacy in the XI century.").

Since 1894 - assistant professor, lectured on the history of the Middle Ages, from 1901 on behalf of the faculty and taught a course on Roman history. Since 1901 - an extraordinary professor in the Department of General History, May 1913th. d. full professor of Kharkov University. From 1914 he lectured and led workshops on the history of the Middle Ages at the University for Women at the Fellowship of working women in Kharkov.

While still a student, prepared in pavlenkovskoy series "Life of Remarkable People" book "Gregory VII of, his life and social activities," which was published in 1891. A specialist in the history of the medieval papacy and the Catholic Church. Some of his contemporaries believed that the scientific work carried Vyazigina compilation character. At the same time, his master`s thesis has received positive feedback from a number of specialists. So, EN Troubetzkoy noted such qualities as an author rich erudition, a delicate historical flair and enviable ability to make use of the extensive source material, which he handled raspolagaet.V 1906-1908, supplemented and published the second volume (in 2 parts) " lectures on world history "of his late colleagues at the university M. Petrov. He has published a number of scientific articles on the history of attempts to put into practice the ideas of Augustine (the idea of ??the Kingdom of God on earth), which were to become the basis for his doctoral dissertation. However, due to engaging in political activities and has not had time to get his doctorate.

In 1916-1917 he published three issues of the first part of the fourth issue of the anthology (allowance for lectures and practical exercises) on the history of the Middle Ages.

According to A. Vyazigina,

to be beneficial, knowledge must be conscious and precise. Hence the urgent need to appeal to the sources, to the human instruments ... They take us to the long-vanished environment, they can comprehend its features to develop their own judgment about it, they develop a valuable and necessary quality as independence. Enriching yourself with knowledge, trained carefully and independently relate to the past, a person saves his spiritual freedom from the heavy shackles of partisanship.

From 1902 he was editor and publisher of the magazine "peace work", the most significant of provincial "thick" right-wing magazine, which published articles and Orthodox monarchist orientation, part of the materials were anti-Semitic. In 1914 edition of the magazine was discontinued due to financial difficulties. In 1911-1915 he published the newspaper "Kharkov provincial sheets", which was edited by his wife.

In November 1903 he became the organizer and first chairman of the Kharkov department "Russian Assembly" (HORSE) - the first of the local department of the oldest monarchical organization.

Speaking at the First All-Russian Congress of the Russian people in St. Petersburg, 8-12 February 1906, assured delegates that the Sloboda Ukraine no separatism in its favor are heard only a few voices: Ancient Polovtsian steppe does not think and does not want secession. At the Second All-Russia Congress of the Russian people in Moscow on April 6-12 1906, he was elected vice-chairman of the Congress. At the Third All-Russian Congress of the Russian people in Kiev on October 1-7, 1906, he was elected a member of two commissions - for drafting the resolution on the question of the electoral law and on the issue of unification of the monarchists. Also was a member of the Fifth All-Russian Congress of the Russian people in St. Petersburg on May 16-20, 1912.

In December 1905 he was the initiator of creation of the Kharkov department of the Union of the Russian people. In 1909-1912 - member of the Main Board of the Russian People`s Union named Michael Archangel.

In 1907-1912 - member of the State Duma III from Kharkov province, successfully organized a campaign in the right province. He was a member of two commissions: the drafting and Mandate. In 1908-1912 was chairman of the right-wing faction in the Duma. As an MP stood for the preservation of autocracy in Russia and protection of the interests of the Orthodox Church. He was a supporter of the creation of a lasting parliamentary majority of the right and Octobrists, excluding the left side of the "Union of October 17". However, these plans were not realized, since only a small minority Octo agreed to a rapprochement with the right.

Pessimistic about the prospects for the development of Russia. In 1908 he wrote to his wife:

Everything is falling apart, everything pops. Most dark days we have yet to come, and we rush with quick steps to the abyss. For me it is clear that we have neither the state nor the economy, no army, no navy, no trial, no education, not even a security, but most importantly, we have the people, but only the population, inhabitants. No faith, and without faith people - dead.

Did not participate in the elections in IV State Duma after 1912 he retired from active politics, focused on classroom teaching and historical science. In January 1917 he received a proposal from the chairman of the State Board of IG Shcheglovitov join the Council in order to strengthen the group of right, but declined, citing the fact that he wants to continue teaching.

In early April 1919 he was suspended from teaching at the university, and in May imprisoned. However, to prove his guilt in the "counter-revolutionary activities" it failed, and he was left in prison as a hostage. In August 1919 the hostages were taken to the Eagle, which were in the central prison, and then in a concentration camp. According to the surviving hostages, A. Vyazigin behaved with dignity, with unshakable courage, as a hero. On the night of September 24, 1919 A. Vyazigin was hacked to death together with several other hostages.