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Andrey Korotaev

Picture of Andrey Korotaev

Date of Birth: 1961

Age: 54

Place of birth: Moscow

Citizenship: Russia

Background

Education

He graduated from the Institute of Asian and African Studies of Moscow State University. Candidate of Historical Sciences (1990), Ph.D., University of Manchester (1993), Doctor of Historical Sciences (1998).

Professional activity

C 1994 teaches at the Russian State University for the Humanities (Russian State Humanitarian University). Since 1998 - Professor. In 1998 - 2001 years - the head of the Department of Social Anthropology of the Institute of Cultural Anthropology (INCA) RSUH.

In 2001 - 2004 years. - Professor of the Department of General Sociology, Head of the Program "Anthropology of the East" HSE.

Since 1989 works in the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Oriental Studies. Since 2002 - leading researcher. Since 1999 works in the African Studies Institute. Since 2002 - leading researcher.

The history of the Middle East (particularly in Yemen and Egypt), in particular the history of Islam

The special contribution here was made by AV Korotaev in the development of quantitative methods for analyzing mass epigraphic sources in order to identify the main trends in the evolution of social systems drevnearaviyskih. They were also successful attempt to follow the general trend of the evolution of social and political systems of the North-East of Yemen has been made with the X century. BC. on the XX century. BC Of particular scientific interest is the discovery of AV Korotaev the fact that Yemeni tribal organization is not primitive, but occurs only in the early Middle Ages, coming to replace ( "to spite" simplistic evolutionary schemes) political organization of ancient chiefdoms. The rise of Islam is considered AV Korotaev and his co-authors in the context of the social and environmental crisis in Arabia VI. and adaptation to the Arabs. They showed that in the course of this adaptation was the destruction of most of the Arabian kingdoms, which was accompanied by the development of the freedom-loving "antitsarskogo" ethos, codified in the tribal historical traditions and poetry, which led to the formation in Arabia end of VI - VII centuries, political and anthropological context, optimal for. the formation and propagation of autochthonous Arabian monotheistic religion.

Cross-cultural studies

AV Korotaev appeared in domestic science pioneer in the use of formal methods of historical anthropology cross-cultural research, based on statistical analysis of cross-cultural database. Using this technique it, for example, was able to show the connection between deep Christianization and decomposition tribal organization, or, say, identify and explain (somewhat counterintuitive) the link between the spread of Islam in the countries of sub-Saharan Africa and polygyny reduction level in these countries. Works AV Korotaeva in this area have received international recognition, and published in such leading cultural and anthropological journals of the world, as the Ethnographic Review, Current Anthropology, American Anthropologist, Ethnology, Journal of Anthropological Research, Cross-Cultural Research.

The theory of social evolution

In this area Korotaev known primarily developed jointly with NN Kradinov and VA Lynsha nonlinear theory of social evolution. In 2001-2003. AV Korotaev headed the research project RHF "Logical-mathematical modeling of processes of social evolution", and in 2006-2008. - Scientific project RFBR "Identifying patterns of functioning and evolution of the traditional social and political systems of Eurasia." During the implementation of these projects AV Korotaeva and his colleagues managed to get extremely interesting scientific results. For example, they were able to trace the trend of urban population dynamics of North African-Eurasian "world-system", from the IV millennium BC. and to propose mathematical models, with an unexpectedly high degree of accuracy, describing this trend. They have also been proposed mathematical models that describe the demographic, technological, political and cultural dynamics of the world-system.

Mathematical modeling of historical, social, economic and demographic dynamics. cliodynamics

In this area of ??scientific knowledge, they were invited to one of the most convincing mathematical explanation of the law of hyperbolic growth of the world population. He and his colleagues, A. Malkov and DA Halturin, it was shown that the hyperbolic growth of the world population and quadratic hyperbolic growth of the world`s GDP (as well as the hyperbolic growth of world literacy and urbanization, square-hyperbolic growth of urban and literate the world`s population, etc.), observed until the 1970s., can be explained as the product of a positive nonlinear feedback second order between demographic growth and technological development. This positive feedback can be schematically described as follows: technological growth - ceiling increase carrying capacity (expansion of the ecological niche) - population growth - more people - more potential inventors - acceleration of technological growth - accelerated growth of carrying capacity - even more rapid population growth - rapid growth in the number of potential inventors - even faster technological growth - further accelerating the carrying capacity growth, etc. Together with AV Markov they were also shown the applicability of hyperbolic models of positive feedback for the mathematical description macrodynamics biodiversity. Korotaev also made a significant contribution to the development of mathematical models of age-old socio-demographic cycles, developed a class of models mathematically describe the interaction between the thousand-year trend and the age-old cyclical dynamics (see, for example, his book The long-term political and demographic dynamics of Egypt:. Cycles and Trends).

The world-systems analysis

In collaboration with his colleagues, he has shown that until 1973 the hyperbolic growth of the world population was accompanied by a square-hyperbolic growth of world GDP by developing, at the same time, a system of mathematical models describing this phenomenon is not only, but also the World System exit mode with aggravation after 1973 AV Korotaev proposed a new approach in which as the most important mechanism for the integration of the World System discusses the generation and diffusion of innovation. Among other things, the proposed approach implies a redefinition of the world-system kernel, for which in this case is offered to understand rather than the world-system area, exploiting other areas, and the area of ??the World System, which has the highest ratio between generated within it (and spread to other areas), and borrowed from other areas of innovation, the zone, which acts as a donor of innovation to a much greater extent than in the quality of their recipient.

Transactions

Author of over 250 scientific papers.