Andrey Erofeev

Picture of Andrey Erofeev

Date of birth: 25.06.1956

Age: 60

Place of Birth: Paris

Citizenship: Russia


Andrey Yerofeyev was born June 25, 1956 in Paris in the family of a Soviet diplomat. Besides him, the family brought another son, Victor (born in 1947, in the future - a famous writer Vladimir Nabokov named the winner of the literary prize).

In 1978 Yerofeyev graduated from the history department of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of Art History.

In the years 1982-1989 Yerofeyev worked as an architect, researcher, and then - as a senior research fellow at the Research Institute of Theory and History of Architecture in the sectors of the history of Russian and Soviet architecture (VNIITAG). In 1984 he defended his thesis on the topic "Art association" World of Art "and the Russian culture of the early twentieth century."

In 1989 Yerofeyev led sector of the latest trends in museum-reserve "Tsaritsyno". According to the radio "Culture", during his work in the museum-reserve, he assembled a collection of modern Russian and Soviet art in the amount of more than two thousand works. According to "Kommersant" newspaper, his collection began to create Yerofeyev before joining the "Tsaritsyno", and over the years the museum has increased the reserve collection of 850 items. As acknowledged by some researchers of art, "only by his efforts" works of Russian artistic underground of 1960-1980 are not lost, and were in the public repository.

In 2001, a collection of Yerofeyev "Tsarina" was transferred to the State Tretyakov Gallery (TG), and in December 2002 Yerofeyev became head of the department of the latest trends of the Tretyakov Gallery. Later, while working at the Tretyakov Gallery, built Yerofeyev new permanent exhibition dedicated to Russian art 1960-2000`s, organized a lecture on contemporary art, video screenings program, as well as educational programs. He made the organizer of a number of contemporary art exhibitions such as solo exhibitions of Moscow conceptualism Erik Bulatov ( "Live-see" in 2003 and "Here!" In 2006), classics and Ilya Kabakov ( "Ten Characters", 2003), as well as arranged such conceptual exhibitions as "accomplices" (2005), "Russian pop art" (2005) and "Sots art" (2007).

Exhibition organized by the public Yerofeyev evaluated ambiguously. In particular, the indignation aroused Orthodox activists picture Alexander Kosolapov "Caviar" (representing the salary Oticon filled with black caviar) from the exhibition "Pop Art", after which the Directorate Tretyakov seized it from exposure. Scandals and accompanied the exhibition "Sots Art" shown in the 2nd Moscow Biennale of Contemporary Art. In particular, on the eve of the departure of the exhibition in Paris, Alexander Sokolov, Minister of Culture of Russia said that it would be "a disgrace for Russia." After that, already during the journey to Paris exposition of exhibits prepared for delivery at the initiative of both the TG and the head of the Federal Agency for Culture and Cinematography Mikhail Shvydkoi it was withdrawn several works, which caused outrage in the media and in society. Scandals have not ended, and after the exhibition was held. After the Falcons in an interview with the newspaper "Moskovsky Komsomolets" in October 2007 in essence accused Tretyakov leadership of corruption in the preparation of an export version of the exhibition "Sots Art. Political Art of Russia", the museum sued the Minister and ZAO "newspaper" Moscow Komsomolets ". However, in April 2008, Moscow`s Khamovniki court filed by TG civil suit about protection of business reputation declined.

According Yerofeyev after "Sots Art" his department is not allowed to do the exhibition, as well as "canceled lectures and video screenings." The next exhibition of his Yerofeyev not organized in the Tretyakov Gallery, and the Museum and Public Center Sakharov, together with the director of the museum, known human rights activist Yuri Samodurov. This exhibition, entitled "Forbidden Art - 2006", was opened in March 2007, during the 2nd Biennale of Contemporary Art. It presented the work, not eligible to serve on exhibit at the Tretyakov Gallery in 2006. Shortly after the opening of the exhibition, Professor of the Moscow Theological Academy, Andrei Kuraev said that, in his opinion, the exhibition offensive to believers and should be the basis for its organizers continue to exhibit any activity was prohibited. Against the "Forbidden Art" were also made by the representatives of the Orthodox community, including the organization "People`s Cathedral" and the Union of Orthodox Citizens. At the same time voiced demands to close the Sakharov Center, because "it is constantly preparing anti-people and anti-state provocation". However, critics noted that almost half of the work, which caused indignation of the public, was created in the Soviet period - these works of art criticized party power by comparing the communist ideology with religion.

With the demand to bring to justice the organizers of the exhibition in the same 2007 it acted as the Orthodox-patriotic movement "People`s Cathedral". In May 2007, against the organizers of the "Forbidden Art" was a criminal case. Carried out during the investigation, examination found that the exhibition aims "to discredit the traditional cultural and spiritual values ??of the general population is the Russian Federation." In May 2008, Samodurov was charged with incitement of racial, national and religious hatred, and the indictment was made to "undefined group of citizens professing Orthodox religion", who had been "the destruction of the existing picture of the world they have." In the same month, a similar accusation - "inciting hatred or hostility, and humiliation of human dignity through abuse of office" - was charged and Yerofeyev.

In June 2008, the director of the State Tretyakov Gallery, Valentin Rodionov signed an order of dismissal Yerofeyev. At the same time representatives of the Tretyakov argued that his dismissal was not for ideological reasons, and was the result of violations of the museum about it. It has been stated about the possibility of the dissolution of the department, who led Yerofeyev.

In July 2008, a criminal case the organizers "Forbidden Art - 2006" was sent to the court. In the same month, already former chief Yerofeyev Rodionov sent an official letter to the Minister of Culture of Russia Alexander Avdeev, the Russian State Duma Committee Chairman for Culture Gregory Ivliev, Deputy Chairman of the Council of the Presidential Culture and Art Mikhail Piotrovsky and the chairman of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation on culture Karen Shakhnazarov, which requested a re-examination of art history of the exhibition "Forbidden art - 2006", since the first examination "conducted by specialists who do not have the appropriate skills."

Deputy Director of the State Tretyakov Gallery Irina Rodionova, speaking on the radio "Echo of Moscow", explained that the leadership of the museum do not aims to "defend itself Yerofeyev, but merely advocates to provodimayaekspertiza was professional. Reproaching Yerofeyev in non-compliance with official regulations and rules of the museum regulations she has repeatedly stressed that he is - a talented curator, however, in her opinion, "profneprigoden as a museum worker," guardian, as in a museum he "tried to bring the rules of private galleries." at a press conference in RIA Novosti, held in July 2007 years, Yerofeyev described their conflict and the conflict he headed the department with the leadership of the Tretyakov gallery as "institutional", "caused by the contradictions between the traditional museum and the museum of modern art." he also thanked the Tretyakov gallery for the fact that he was given the opportunity for a number of years working in its walls, and announced his intention to create a contemporary art museum. At the same time remained uncertain fate of the collection Yerofeyev, once transferred to the Tretyakov Gallery. More than half of the items does not belong to the State Tretyakov Gallery, which keeps them just at the right time. Departing from the Tretyakov Gallery, Yerofeyev called artists - paintings owners not to take them out of the museum.

In late August 2008, the criminal proceedings were suspended due to the illness Yerofeyev. In February 2009, the proceedings were resumed hearing. Because of incorrect preparation of indictment protection Yerofeyev and Samodurov asked to return the case to the prosecutor`s office, insisting on the absurdity of the charges, because "you can not judge people for the organization of the exhibition." However, in April 2009, the Tagansky Court of Moscow refused to return the case to the organizers of the exhibition "Forbidden Art 2006" in the prosecutor`s office, in addition to this, he dismissed the application for re-conducting a number of forensic examinations.

Critics, emphasizing the role Yerofeyev in preserving works of Russian artists of the 60`s - 80`s, wrote that he considers the task of art education of society through a search of his weak points and violation of all sorts of taboos. They spoke of him as a man "unusually stubborn" known "her defiantly inflexible temper and public fights with the boss." In turn, the deputy director of the Tretyakov Gallery Lebedev stated that Yerofeyev "on your personality type ... - the destroyer." She called him "a brilliant manipulator of public opinion", whose demeanor is built "under the laws of show business."