Place of birth: Tashkent
ANBelozersky was born in Tashkent in the official family - his father, Nikolai Andreyevich Belozersky was a lawyer Court of Justice, his mother was a teacher of gymnasia. After his parents died in 1913, Andrey Belozersky hit the Gatchina orphanage, but in the spring of 1917 after the closure of the shelter, he went to live to his aunt - his mother`s sister in the city faithful.
At age 16 in 1921 he entered the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of the Central Asian State University (SAGA) in Tashkent. Since 1925 he taught at the University rabfak. on the concentration of hydrogen ions in the aqueous extracts of the leaves of some mountain plant - the first scientific work at the University in Tashkent under the guidance of renowned biologist AV Blagoveschenskogoim was performed.
After finishing graduate school in 1930, SAGA Andrey Belozersky was invited to work in Moscow State University on the created at the time the Department of Plant Biochemistry. In 1938, his academic degree of Candidate of Sciences was awarded without defending a thesis, and in 1943 he defended his doctoral dissertation.
Kolmogorov was married twice.
Died ANBelozersky in Moscow and is buried in the Novodevichy cemetery.
The scientific and organizational activity
ANBelozersky pervymobnaruzhil DNA peas, and then in other plants and bacteria, confirming the hypothesis of the universal nature of the DNA as a component of all living things.
In 1957, he teamed up with a colleague first hypothesized that the living cells contain small amounts of RNA, the composition of which corresponds to the DNA, that is, first to see the informational role of RNA that was soon confirmed by the experience of foreign colleagues.
Belozersky and his students had made a number of other important studies. So he took an active part in the creation of modern molecular systematics (DNA systematics, taxonomy, DNA).
Andrei Nikolayevich Belozersky were based antibiotics Laboratory (later microbial biochemistry laboratory) at the Institute of Biochemistry. AN Bach Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1946), Department of Virology at the Biological Faculty of Moscow State University (1964), problem Interfaculty Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry, Moscow State University (1965), which in 1991 became the Institute of Physical and Chemical Biology. Belozersky. He is one of the founders of the Institute of the USSR Academy of protein in Pushchino (1968).
Andrey Belozersky was a Hero of Socialist Labor (1969), three times a Knight of the Order of Lenin (1961, 1965, 1969) and a Knight of the Order of Red Banner of Labor (1951).