Date of Birth: 05/12/1938
Place of birth: Moscow
Amalric, Andrey (1938-1980), historian, essayist, playwright, social activist.
Born in Moscow on 12 May, the family of the famous historian and archaeologist. In 1962-1963 - a student of the historical faculty of the Moscow State University, expelled for a term paper, in which he defended the so-called "Norman theory", rejects the Soviet science. Became known as the avant-garde artists collector, wrote plays in the spirit of the "theater of the absurd" strike up an acquaintance with foreigners (journalists and diplomats) working in Moscow.
It was for this in May 1965 arrested and sentenced to 2 and a half years of exile (fomalno as a "parasite"), was serving a sentence in Siberia. In June 1966 Amalric was released and returned to Moscow (his life in exile has described in his memoirs unwelcome journey to Siberia), he worked as a freelancer Press Agency "Novosti".
Amalric was the first to consistently communicate with foreign correspondents among Moscow dissidents, performing the role of "liaison officer" between the dissident community and foreign journalists. Later wrote an article Foreign correspondents in Moscow (1970), which examined the legal status of foreign journalists in the USSR and the reason why it is normal practice journalism.
Together with Pavel Litvinov worked on the compilation process of the four of the trial of Alexander Ginzburg, Yuri Galanskov and others; after the arrest P.Litvinova finished this collection and in October 1968 gave it to foreign correspondents. He was among those who helped to pass the manuscript to the West Andrei Sakharov`s Reflections on Progress, Peaceful Coexistence, and Intellectual Freedom.
In late 1968 he dismissed from work and got a job as a postman.
In April-June 1969 wrote an essay Will the Soviet Union Survive Until 1984 ?, which formulated the concept of the near future of the USSR. Amalric skeptical about the stability of the Soviet regime; but also in a hypothetical post-Soviet future he looked very pessimistic. In support of his arguments, he cited the number of analysis of the social composition and the ideological spectrum of participants in the protest campaign in 1968, developed around the "Process of the four."
Essays published abroad in late 1969 and translated into many foreign languages, Amalric has brought worldwide fame. The sharp statement of the problem in conjunction with the analytical, stressed academic presentation style that plays Western Sovietological treatises - select it from the samizdat journalism of those years. The work caused a lot of comments in the foreign press and stormy debate in samizdat.
And other works Amalric (eg, Open Letter to Anatoly Kuznetsov) gained popularity in samizdat and in the West.
In 1968-1970 he repeatedly detained and subjected to searches. May 21, 1970 was arrested and transported to Sverdlovsk, where the investigation and trial took place. In the process (11-12 November 1970) he was accused of his writings and interviews. The second defendant, Sverdlovsk engineer Leo Ubozhko, accused of distributing work Amalric.
He pleaded not guilty and refused to participate in the proceedings, in the last word Amalric said: "... No conduction mode" witch-hunt ", nor its particular example - the court - do not make me any respect, or even fear. I understand, however, that such courts are designed for you to intimidate many, and many will be intimidated - and I still think that the ideological emancipation began the process is irreversible. "
The court sentenced him to 3 years in the camps for "spreading ... false fabrications discrediting the Soviet system ..." (st.190-1 RSFSR Criminal Code). The term he was serving in the Novosibirsk and Magadan regions. On the day of expiration (21 May 1973) against Amalric it was opened a new business in the same article, and in July he received three years of the camp. After a four-month hunger strike sentence was commuted - three years of exile.
He returned from Magadan to Moscow in May 1975.
In 1976 Amalric emigrated from the Soviet Union. In exile engaged in social and political activities, a lot of typing. I wrote the second book of memoirs Notes of a dissident (published posthumously in 1982). Died November 12, 1980 in a car accident near the city of Guadalajara (Spain). He was buried in Paris at the cemetery of Saint Genevieve de Bois.
Since 1990 books and articles Amalric reprinted in the USSR and post-Soviet Russia.