Andrej Hlinka

Picture of Andrej Hlinka

Date of Birth: 09/27/1864

Age: 73

Place of birth: Ruzomberok

Citizenship: Slovakia


Hlinka, Andrej Hlinka, Andrej

(Andrej Hlinka)

27.IX.1864 - 16.VIII.1938

Slovak Catholic priest and patriot

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Glinka became a priest in 1905 in the small Slovakian town of Ruzomberok industrial. While Slovakia and the Czech Republic were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In elections to the Hungarian Parliament of 1906, Glinka ardently supported candidates who favored the separation of Slovakia. In November of the same year, he tried in his sermons to incite disobedience to the Slovaks in Hungary, for which he was sentenced to two years in prison, where he was immediately added to one and a half years in prison for distributing them farewell address to the congregation.

May 24, 1918 the Slovak National Party has taken a position against Hungary. Glinka as clerical leader of the Slovak People`s Party, also supported this movement aimed at union with Czechoslovakia against the empire. However, in the following year, he began to experience doubts about the necessity of the Czech-Slovak Union and drew up a memorandum for the peace conference in Paris, in which he demanded a plebiscite in Slovakia on the issue of self-determination.

By August 1922 Glinka put his party in opposition to the Government of the united Prague Czechoslovakia. In his "Szelinski memorandum", he said that the Czechs the Slovaks took away their right to self-determination and autonomy. Conducted within the Prague government administrative reforms softened the position of Glinka, and he even allowed his deputy in the party Jozef Tiso occupy the post in the government.

However, in 1929, Hlinka was again in opposition when Andrew refused to give up his other deputy party Bela Tuka, convicted as the Hungarian agent. Thus, since the early 30s Party Glinka was associated with the Sudeten Germans and the Hungarian opposition in Czechoslovakia.

Glinka, of course, was an ardent patriot of Slovakia, but he was never able to understand that his fanatical hostility to the Czechs ruthlessly exploited by the Germans and Hungarians in Czechoslovakia to split.