Date of Birth: 0610
Anaximander (Greek.) - Mathematician and philosopher, Praksiada son, born. Miletus in 611, died before 546 PX between all the Greek thinkers of the ancient period, the Ionian natural philosophers, it is in its purest form has personified their speculative desire to know the origin and beginning of all things. But in the meantime, the other Ionians for such began to recognize one or the other physical elements, water, air and so on. N A. taught that the original foundation of all being is infinite (toapeiron, infinite), a perpetual motion which was isolated primary opposites of heat and cold , dryness and moisture, and to which everything returns again. Creation is the expansion of the infinite. In his view, it is an endless continuously separates from itself and constantly perceives known, unchanging elements, so that part of a forever changing, while the whole remains unchanged. This transition from a certain material explaining things to abstract representation A. advocates from the ranks of the Ionian natural philosophers. See. Seidel, "Der Fortschritt der Metaphysik unter den altestenjon. Philosophen", (Leipzig, 1861). How he actually enjoyed his hypothesis to explain the origin of certain things, only fragmentary information is available about it. Cold, in conjunction with moisture and dryness, formed the earth, having the shape of a cylinder, whose base relates to the height of a 3: 1, and occupies the center of the universe. Sun is in the highest celestial sphere, more land is 28 times, and is a hollow cylinder, from which poured fiery streams; when the opening is closed, place the eclipse. The moon is also a cylinder and 19 times more land; at an inclined position it obtained the lunar phases and eclipse occurs when it does roll over. A first in Greece indicated the inclination of the ecliptic, and invented the sundial with which determined the lines of the equinox and the sun turns. He is credited as the first compilation of the geographical map of Greece and manufacture celestial globe, which he used to explain his system of the universe. See. Schleiermacher, "the Uber A." (Berl., 1815). About the close connection of his cosmogony with oriental speculations see. Byusgen, "Uber das apeiron des A.", (Wiesbaden., 1867). PG Redkin, "From Lectures on the History of Philosophy of Law".