Anatoliy Grisuk

Picture of Anatoliy Grisuk

Date of Birth: 08/20/1880

Age: 57

Place of birth: Kovel

Citizenship: Russia


Born in the family official. He graduated from the seminary in Kremenets, Volyn Theological Seminary in 1900, Kyiv Theological Academy in 1904 with a degree in Theology in 1904-1905 was professorial Fellow Academy in the department of general church history. In 1905-1906 he was sent to Constantinople to study at the Institute of Archaeological finds there. Master of Theology (1911, thesis: "Historical Sketch of Syrian monasticism up to half of the 6th century", this work was awarded the Prize of Metropolitan Macarius).

Since June 29, 1913 - Bishop Chistopolsky, the second vicar of the Diocese of Kazan (simultaneously held the post of rector of the Academy). Since July, 1914 - the second vicar of the Kazan diocese.

After the official closing of the Academy of Soviet power it, keeping the curriculum, working privately. Since the Academy was selected building, the lectures were at home with professors and academy council met at the apartment of its rector. In early 1921 the KGB intercepted sent Bishop Anatoly Patriarch Tikhon package with a report on the educational activities of the Academy, which led to the writing of the Cheka in the People`s Commissariat, in which, inter alia, stated: "Cash in Kazan like hearth obscurantism, led by the spiritual and administrative center of the ... undesirable. We ask you to take action to curb the further activity of said uchre Suppress. " In March 1921, Bishop Anatoly was arrested and sentenced to one year of forced labor. He was sent to Moscow and imprisoned for a few months in Butyrka prison, where he was severely beaten, broken jaw and two ribs.

On February 28, 1922 - Bishop of Stavropol and Samara. February 24, 1923 he was arrested for opposing the motion Renovationist (formal reason for the arrest was found during a search in his apartment anti-Soviet appeal, written on his behalf; Bishop Anatoly himself said that it was a fake). August 4, 1923 briefly released soon Patriarch Tikhon elevated to the rank of archbishop.

September 18, 1923 was arrested again, accused of distributing anti-Soviet rumors and exiled for three years in the administrative procedure in Turkmenistan - the city Poltoratsk (now Ashkhabad), and since 1925 - in Krasnovodsk. He continued to take an interest in scientific questions in the reference from which he wrote to Professor AI Diamond: "As for us, we are now not only studying the ancient church history, as are the victims of the tragedy of modern Russian church history. Service and unofficial Odyssey put us far from libraries and even from his own small collection of books on the specialty. It was curious to know - what is the state of the science of the ancient church history in Europe after the war and what the opening, the capital and largest edition of the study can be noted there .... " He returned from exile in 1927.

He supported the church policy of Metropolitan Sergius (Stragorodsky). Since 1927 - a permanent member of the Interim at Deputy Patriarchal Locum Tenens of the Holy Synod. 1928 - Archbishop of Odessa and Kherson, from October 21, 1932 - Metropolitan. In this period, authorities closed many churches of the diocese (a number of churches were blown up), arrested a large part of the clergy. Metropolitan has repeatedly called in for questioning in the GPU management, the dead of night, then during the service (in the latter case, the first Metropolitan of completing the service, despite the dissatisfaction of the KGB).

In the opinion of believers and clergy, he was a kind and all available human, wonderful preacher. According to the memoirs of Metropolitan Manuel (Lemeshevsky), "in appearance was of small stature, frail, stooped, always looked down - gave the impression, an in-depth and occupied their thoughts."

He was arrested on the night of 9 to 10 August 1936. Accused that "got in touch with a Catholic priest of the city of Nikolayev Znosko Christian Leontyevich, with whom he negotiated the establishment of an anti-Soviet bloc through the reunification of the eastern (Orthodox) and a Western (Catholic) churches on the basis of the union, with the subordination of the Orthodox church to the Pope. In everyday of their activities led anti-Soviet agitation in the form of counter-revolutionary anti-Soviet statements systematically implemented the installation of the clergy and clerics, raising them in this way in the direction of the counter-revolutionary. " In response to these accusations, he said that anti-Soviet agitation not engaged, as well as "communication with the representatives of the Catholic Church, and I have not had any talks about uniting the Orthodox and Catholics are not conducted. I declare that I am a convinced anti Catholic and his religious beliefs as an Orthodox bishop, could not conduct such negotiations. " With the Catholic priest had a private conversation. He was sent to Moscow, where imprisoned in the Butyrka prison. Already at that time I was seriously ill, he has taken away his legs.

January 21, 1937 Special Council of the NKVD sentenced Metropolitan Anatolia to five years` imprisonment in the camp. Despite his illness, he was sent to a common stage with the criminals who robbed the go metropolitan. Part of the way the prisoners were passing by train, then walked on foot - through the snow in the harsh, close to the polar winter. Bishop Anatoly hardly moved when he fell down, he was allowed to sit in the truck and drove until until he came to himself, and then drove on foot.

In February 1937 he arrived in Kyltovskuyu selhozkoloniyu in Komi, in May, sent to the general work. In October, due to the deteriorating state of health translated into disability, but in November he was again brought to the general work of the camp. By this time almost blind. From the report of the camp administration, "the work is done by 62%. In old age he is weak, but he tries. "

In January 1938 he was placed in the camp hospital, where he died. In his biography it is said that from the lord before his death demanded that he gave his Gospel and the cross, which he never parted. Gospel ripped from his hands by force, but he did not give the cross.

Canonized as a locally venerated saints of the Kherson eparchy of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in 1997 canonized the New Martyrs and Confessors Russian at the Jubilee Bishops` Council of the Russian Orthodox Church in August 2000 for churchwide veneration.