Date of Birth: 07/30/1868
Place of birth: Erfurt
A staunch opponent of National Socialism
Alfred Weber was born on July 30, 1868 in Erfurt (Erfurt), a major city in Prussian Saxony (Prussian Saxony), and grew up in Charlottenburg (Charlottenburg), the area to the west of Berlin (Berlin). He was one of seven children of Max Weber Sr. (Max Weber Sr.), well-known national-liberal politician and a public servant, and Helen Fallenshteyn (Helene Fallenstein). Involvement Weber Sr. in public life admitted the policy of the house, turning it into a popular salon, where gathered and interviewed many prominent scientists and public figures of his time. This could not have a definite impact on the career choices of Alfred and his brother Max (Max Weber), which is considered one of the founders of modern sociology and public administration.
In 1888, after graduating from school, Weber became a student at the University of Bonn (University of Bonn), where he studied archeology and history of art, but a year later transferred to the University of Tubingen (University of T & # 252; bingen) and switched to law. He completed training in Berlin in 1892, having passed the first state examination after being returned from military service.
In 1897 Weber received a degree in economics, writing a thesis on the domestic industry. After receiving in 1900 Habilitation for the work on the same topic, Weber taught at Berlin University (University of Berlin), while in 1904 did not go to a German University Karl-Ferdinand (Carl Ferdinand University) in Prague (Prague), where he studied students like Max Brod (Max Brod) and Felix Veltsh (Felix Weltsch). Also there he became the head of Franz Kafka (Franz Kafka) while working on a dissertation on that law.
From 1907 to 1933 Weber served as a professor of political economy at the University of Heidelberg (University of Heidelberg), has not yet been fired from there for criticizing the Nazi regime. Here he also met Elsa von Richthofen (Else von Richthofen), wife of economist Edgar Jaffe (Edgar Jaff & # 233;), a former student of his older brother Max Weber. Elsa, to move away from her husband, Alfred became the mistress (though she had a relationship with Max Weber). Later, Alfred and Elsa even settled into a house and lived together for a few years after the death of her husband, although their marriage relationship failed.
In Heidelberg Weber maintained close ties with many prominent representatives of scientific, cultural and intellectual circles, among whom were his brother`s wife, sociologist and feminist Marianne Weber (Marianne Weber), economists Eberhard Goteyn (Eberhard Gothein) and Emil Lederer (Emil Lederer), historian Karl Ludwig Hampe (Karl Ludwig Hampe) and archaeologist Ludwig Curtius (Ludwig Curtius), the philosopher Karl Jaspers (Karl Jaspers), as well as young Erich Fromm (Erich Fromm) iNorbert Elias (Norbert Elias).
With the outbreak of World War II Alfred Weber went to the front as a volunteer, and after the armistice was among the founders of the German Democratic Party (Deutsche Demokratische Partei, DDP) and spent a month at the post of its chairman. Resigned, Weber returned to academic activities in Heidelberg.
Weber, a staunch opponent of National Socialism, however, remained in Nazi Germany (Germany) during the Second World War, but was one of the intellectual leaders of the Resistance. Since 1945, his work and teaching to support the philosophical and political recovery of the German nation, had a significant impact, both in academic circles and beyond. Weber was reinstated as a professor in 1945 and continued to teach until his death in Heidelberg. He died on May 2, 1958, at the age of 89 years.