Date of Birth: 08/07/1857
Place of birth: Nice
Who invented the first test for intelligence?
French psychologist, creator of the first level of practical intelligence test (the prototype of modern IQ tests level).
Binet was born - then still Binetti Alfredo (Alfredo Binetti) - Nice, Sardinia (Nice, Kingdom of Sardinia). Alfred was an only child; His parents divorced when Alfred was just a child. After the divorce, her mother was taken away Binet in Paris (Paris); where for some time he studied law. In 1878-m Alfred received his diploma; in the future he was planning to go to medical school, but later found that psychology - the area is much more interesting and promising. He studied psychology Binet mostly from books; like his training regime, a man deeply unsociable and closed, it fits perfectly.
One of the most interesting experiments done using Binet and chess blindfolded. Studying how players can play well with a blindfold, Alfred was quite unambiguous results - to play in this mode, though a little decently could only real masters. Some of Alfred wards represented by the board in its normal form, visualizing chess pieces and their relative position; others preferred to remember an abstract scheme of the game. Ultimately Binet concluded that the ability to play blind depends on the player`s memory and on its ability to work with his memory.
In 1883 Binet met with Jean-Martin Charcot (Jean-Martin Charcot), director of a Paris clinic. Charcot became a teacher and employer Binet; his ideas - especially those related to hypnosis - is deeply fascinated by Binet. Later, alas, the fallacy of Charcot`s theories became apparent, and Binet had to officially sign a commitment to the wrong school; however, a certain authority at that time Bina has already won.
Soon Binet succeeded activity; watching their daughters, he began to develop a new classification system of characters, in many disputes with the works of Carl Jung (Carl Jung). In the 21 years Binet published more than 200 books, articles and reviews on various psychological topics.
Of the wide range of areas that interested Binet, more than just glorified his study of human intelligence and how to assess it. Partial interest in the sector affected by the fact that he Binet formal education did not receive and did not have degrees.
In 1899 Binet undertook the development of the test system, capable to point out the existing problems in children with learning and perception of information. Alfred started with an attempt to separate the child from obychnogo` `` otstalogo` and formally described (and what is more important to measure) their differences.
In 1903 a book was published describing the first fruits of his labors; it was called `L`Etude experimentale de l`intelligence`. Alfred continued his studies with a medical student Simon Theodore (Theodore Simon); created in 1905 a new test to measure the level of intelligence carried both scientists name. We continue to develop its evaluation system, Simon and Binet and then - so to 1908 mu tests were expanded, improved and converted to the needs of age groups from 3 to 13 years.
Assessment of children`s intellect does not become the last work of Binet - continued their experiments and research in various fields of scientific and more. However, work on the Binet-Simon test, he continued to the end of his days - so a third edition tests scientist released shortly before his death.
Alfred Binet died on October 18, 1911 th; at the time of his death he was 54 years old.