Date of Birth: 02/16/1838
Place of birth: Moscow
Veselovsky Alexander [4 (16) .2.1838, Moscow - 10 (23) .10.1906, St. Petersburg], Russian literary historian, academician of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1880).
He graduated from Moscow University (1858). In 1859-69 he led the scientific work in Spain, Germany, Czech Republic, Italy. Since 1872 professor of St. Petersburg University. Supervised department of Russian language and literature
AN Veselovsky - a connoisseur of Slavic, Byzantine and Western European literature from different eras and folklore of different nations, the outstanding representative of the historical and comparative literary studies. Along with borrowings Veselovsky acknowledged the emergence of the peoples of their own motives and themes.
In the 60-70-ies. He created the theory of historical myth. In the 70-80-ies. I studied the reflection in the folklore of historical reality ( "The Tale of Ivan the Terrible", 1876 "South Russian epics", 1881-84).
Veselovsky negatively assessed the one-sidedness of the prevailing bourgeois theories of folklore ( "New books on folk literature", 1886). He developed the synthetic theory "bytovyhi psychological foundations" of folklore ( "Poetics scenes", 1897-1906; "three chapters of historical poetics", 1899).
his attention was drawn to creative people, standing at different stages of development. It is widely used typological comparison of similar literary and cultural phenomena. The concept of cultural development stages, as "medium", was, however, limited in Veselovsky positivist idea of ??the socio-historical process.
Research Veselovsky on Boccaccio, Dante, Petrarch, highly valued in Italy, the work of AS Pushkin, VA Zhukovsky differ immense erudition, insight into the spirit of the age and psychology of creativity. Aesthetics Problems developed in the works:. "? The history and theory of the novel" (1886), "From the introduction of historical poetics" (1894), "Three chapters of historical poetics", "Poetics of stories", etc. He created an original theory of the origin of art and its development in the era of the communal tribal relations.
Proceedings Veselovsky - a fundamental contribution to the history of Russian and world science of literature.