Date of Birth: 09/03/1922
Place of birth: Moscow
Alexander P. Kazhdan (Alexander Peisakhovich, English Alexander Kazhdan;., 1922, Moscow - 1997, Damberton Oaks, United States) - Byzantium historian, one of the largest specialists in Byzantium of the twentieth century, the editor of the fundamental "Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium."
Kazhdan was born in a merchant family in Moscow. After the revolution the family had known hunger and deprivation. Father Pesia (Pesach) Efron, or in the Russian version of Peter Izrailevich Kazhdan, it has become one of the leading specialists in the manufacture of lubricants technology being built in the Soviet tank industry. A. P. Kazhdan also knew persecution. Because of bourgeois origin doors were closed in front of him in Moscow universities. Kazhdan graduated from the Ufa Pedagogical Institute. After defending his thesis in 1946, the doors of the Moscow research institutes were closed again in front of him, on seyraz, because of its "cosmopolitan" nationality Ceme had to wander in freelance positions in the province.
In 1944 Kazhdan married Rimma Izvyanskoy (which everyone knew her name Musya). In 1944, a son, Dmitri.
Since 1956, Professor Alexander Kazhdan worked at the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Among them scientific books and articles, articles in leading Soviet encyclopedias, translations of ancient and medieval authors, popular science publications and books. Kazhdan participated in the editorial board of the "Byzantine Bulletin" magazine. Discussion Papers Kazhdan willingly printed Alexander Twardowski in the "New World." In 1975, the son of Kazhdan Dmitry was invited to occupy the chair of professor at Harvard University (USA).
Life is complicated Alexander Petrovich`s wife was fired from his job. and he made the decision to emigrate. In 1978 he arrived in Vienna with an Israeli visa. But a year later, after a long stay in Paris and Birmingham Alexander Kazhdan he settled in the United States where he worked at the Center for the study of the Byzantine Empire in Damberton Oaks and conducted a series of lectures at Princeton University.
After 1978 the works of Alexander Kazhdan, an outstanding scientist and a talented educator, was struck from the Russian life. Kazhdan books were removed from libraries, articles from scientific revolution. In the Moscow publishing house "Art" for 30 years he stuck the manuscript of his remarkable book "Two days in the life of Constantinople".
In the US, Kazhdan trained a galaxy of researchers Byzantinologist. Kazhdan not idealized Byzantine history and culture, it is not customized to any leaf patterns. Kazhdan wrote a lot about the Byzantine roots of Russian and Eastern European totalitarianism. Largely due to the work of Alexander Kazhdan today look at all the Byzantine and Eastern European culture and history, including, in the Orthodox component of this culture in the world as a whole is positive and the interest is huge. Thanks to Alexander Kazhdan, his colleagues and students, historical science has been able to overcome the prejudices, got rid of both the lacquered ceremonial and by caricature-unfair stereotypes. Alexander Kazhdan was one of those who worked for the rapprochement of cultures, East and West, America and Russia.
Son of David (Dmitry) - American mathematician, specialist in the representation of groups. Grandson Eli Kazhdan long-term adviser and associate Natan Sharansky, who held a number of positions in the Israeli civil service.